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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 6: The Island

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 6: The Island

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Word List

  • altitude [ˈӕltətjuːd] n. 

The altitude of a place is its height above sea level.

 The air was thin at such a high altitude on the mountain.

  • coastline [ˈkoustlain] n. 

coastline is the outline of a country’s coast.

 He noticed that most of the cities in Australia are on the coastline.

  • deter [diˈtəːr] v. 

To deter means to prevent or discourage someone from doing something.

 Icy roads deter people from driving their cars.

  • devise [diˈvaiz] v. 

To devise something means to have an idea or plan about it in the mind.

 The thieves devised a plan to steal the diamonds.

  • expertise [ˌekspə:rtiːz] n. 

Expertise is the knowledge and skills to do something well.

 John has a lot of advertising expertise. He can sell anything!

  • fracture [ˈfræktʃə:r] n. 

fracture is a crack or break in something.

 Don’t stand on that teg because there is a fracture. It might get worse.

  • impair [imˈpɛər] v. 

To impair something means to damage it or make it worse.

 Drinking coffee impairs my ability to go to sleep.

  • implement [ˈimpləment] v. 

To implement something means to ensure that what has been planned is done.

 The school decided to implement a new teaching strategy.

  • indigenous [inˈdidʒənəs] adj. 

If something is indigenous, it is originally from, or native to, a place.

 Tomatoes are indigenous to the Americas.

  • insight [ˈinsait] n. 

Insight is a deep and accurate understanding of something.

The physics textbook gave the students new insight into gravity.

  • limb [lim] n. 

limb is a large branch on a tree.

 The monkey sat on the tree limb and enjoyed a piece of fruit.

  • migraine [ˈmaiːgrein] n. 

migraine is a painful headache that makes one feel sick.

 My sister gets a migraine every time she has a lot of stress.

  • optimism [ˈoptəmizəm] n. 

Optimism is the feeling of being hopeful about the future or success of something.

 The mother had optimism about her children’s futures.

  • peculiar [piˈkjuːliər] adj. 

When something is peculiar, it is strange, sometimes in a bad way.

 That peculiar smell coming from the kitchen reminds me of rotten eggs.

  • proficient [prəˈfiʃənt] adj. 

When a person is proficient at something, they can do it well.

 Secretaries are proficient at typing quickly.

  • quest [kwest] n. 

quest is a long and difficult search for something.

 The treasure hunter went on a quest to find an ancient gold necklace.

  • ridge [ridʒ] n. 

ridge is a long, narrow piece of raised land.

 The brown bear walked along the edge of the mountain ridge.

  • spouse [spaus] n. 

spouse is the person to whom someone is married.

 I live in a home with my spouse and our two children.

  • thrust [θrʌst] v. 

To thrust means to push or move something quickly with a lot of force.

 The boxer thrust his fist into the punching bag.

  • tolerate [ˈtɒləreit] v. 

To tolerate something means to be able to accept it even when it is unpleasant.

 When you are in a hurry, it can be hard to tolerate traffic signals.

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