Reading Comprehension Passage 09 MCQ Test With Answers - INVESTMENT FOR EXPORTS
INVESTMENT FOR EXPORTS
New investments are of vital importance for the continuation of Turbania's exports performance, according to a World Bank report. Studying the contribution of the small- and medium-scale industries in particular, the report says thatTurbania's exports underwent a rapid development in the beginning of the 1990s, adding, nevertheless, that high interest rates on industrial credits coupled with diminishing economic growth rates in the ensuing years have adversely affected the country's efforts to continue that promising performance.
The report points out that the greater proportion of investors have tended to go into fields where they expect speculative gains, causing manufacturing industries to suffer considerable losses in production as a result.
It is true that exports volumes have been on the increase over the past two years and this has made it possible for the manufacturing sector to substantially extend its capacity utilization level. But this has not led to any appreciable big jump in fixed capital investments because whatever boom is generated by the industry, it is all but by units which had been operating at an all-time lowest capacity level in the pre-2001 era, according to the report.
The report also draws attention to the fact that the country urgently needs to improve its domestic macro-economic balances and reform its overall financial system. "The general output in textiles and automotive sectors formerly had all gone up within the framework of improving exports. The government had encouraged exports through tax rebates, high import taxes, and exchange rate policies. Since mid-2002, however, these methods have been replaced by direct subsidies," the report points out.
It predicts that the abolition of tax rebate should lead to a decline in fictitious export cases and prove an obstacle to the unfair distribution of export incentives. However, Turbania's May foreign trade figures, which have remained long undisclosed by the State Institute of Statistics were announced yesterday, and they show only a modest increase inexport volumes over the past eighteen months, as well as a month-by-month expansion in the country's foreign trade deficit.
The World Bank Report recommends that Turbania
give priority to keeping up her exports performance.
close down the booming channels of her exports performance.
undergo a rapid development since the beginning of the 1990s.
encourage the exports by increasing speculative gains.
be more careful in studying the small- and medium-scale industries' exporting performance.
to earn more by speculative gains.
to demand from the government high interest rates.
to do everything they can in order to adversely affect the country's exporting performance.
to cut down on their capacity utilization level.
to divert their money to manufacturing industries.
a big jump in fixed capital investments.
a parallel increase in capacity utilization levels in the industries previously operating at unusually low levels.
a decline in fictitious export cases.
an improvement in domestic macro-economic balances and the country's overall financial system.
a greater optimism on the part of the World Bank experts relating to Turbania's continued economic policies.
direct subsidies to exporting industries
exchange rate policies
high import rates
imprisonment of fictitious exporters