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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 10 – Spirituality Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 10 - Spirituality Vocabulary Test

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Word List

agnostic [æɡˈnɑstɪk] adj.

Believing that humans cannot know whether there is a god

 His devoutly Christian parents had problems with his agnostic beliefs.

Parts of speech     agnostic n., agnosticism n.

animism [ˈænəˌmɪzəm] n.

The belief that natural objects, such as trees, have souls

 Desert cultures that practice animism often believe that winds contain spirits.

Parts of speech     animistic adj.

atheist [ˈeɪθiəst] n.

One who does not believe in the existence of a supreme being

 He argued that his scientific training made it impossible for him to be anything but an atheist.

Parts of speech     atheistic adj.

be inclined to [ɪnˈklaɪn] v.

To favor an opinion or a course of action

 He couldn’t say which candidate he favored, but he had always been inclined to vote Republican.

Parts of speech     incline n., inclination n.

contemplate [ˈkɑn(t)əmˌpleɪt] v.

To consider thoughtfully

 If you contemplate each step for so long,we will never complete this project on time.

Parts of speech     contemplation n., contemplative adj.

deify [ˈdiəˌfaɪ] v.

To worship as a god

 When people deify the leader of their country, the leader is able to abuse power more easily.

Parts of speech     deity n.

ecclesiastical [əˌkliziˈæstək(ə)l] adj.

Relating to a church

 He was looking specifically for a university where he could study ecclesiastical history.

Parts of speech     ecclesiastic n., ecclesiastically adv.

exalt [ɪɡˈzɔlt] v.

To praise or honor

 He would often exalt the virtues of his new wife.

Parts of speech     exaltation n.

pious [ˈpaɪəs] adj.

Having or exhibiting religious reverence

 Sometimes she was so pious that the rest of us felt like heathens.

Parts of speech     piousness n., piety n., piously adv.

sacrifice [ˈsækrəˌfaɪs] v.

Anything offered to a deity as a religious thanksgiving; giving up something in order to have something more valuable later on

 Every harvest time, the Fadeloni people sacrificed vegetables to their gods as a show of thanks.

Parts of speech     sacrifice n., sacrificial adj., sacrificially adv.

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