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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 12 – Surgery Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 12 - Surgery Vocabulary Test

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Word List

anesthesia [ˌænəsˈθiʒə] n.

Techniques for reducing sensation and feeling,specially to control pain

 The Civil War was the first American war when anesthesia was widely used in surgery on soldiers.

Usage tips     Anesthesia and anesthetic are often used interchangeably.

Parts of speech     anesthetic n.adj.

augment [ɔːgˈment] v.

To make bigger or better by adding to

 In some types of popular cosmetic surgery people augment parts of their bodies.

Parts of speech     augmentation n.

certifiably [ˌsərdəˈfaɪəbli] adv.

In a manner that is officially recognized

 He couldn’t be institutionalized until he was declared certifiably insane.

Parts of speech     certify v., certification n., certificate n., certifiable adj.

complication [ˌkɑmpləˈkeɪʃ(ə)n] n.

A factor that makes something more difficult or complex

 The surgeons could not easily stop the bleeding because of complications related to the patient’s diabetes.

Parts of speech     complicate v.

cure [kjʊə:r] v.

To restore to health

 They say laughter can help cure many illnesses.

Parts of speech     cure n.

implant [ɪmˈplænt] v.

To set in firmly; to insert in the body surgically

 The actress had cheek implants to make her face look fuller.

Parts of speech     implantation n.

inject [ɪnˈdʒekt] v.

To insert a liquid by means of a syringe

 The doctor used a needle to inject the medicine slowly into her arm.

Parts of speech     injection n.

obese [əʊˈbiːs] adj.

Excessively overweight

 More Americans are obese now because U.S. culture encourages overeating and discourages exercise.

Parts of speech     obesity n.

procedure [prəˈsidʒər] n.

A specific way of performing or doing something

 The flight attendant explained the emergency evacuation procedure.

Parts of speech     proceed v., procedural adj.

scar [skɑːr] n.

A mark on the skin left after a wound has healed; a lasting sign of damage, either mental or physical

 The surgery was successful, but it left a large scar across her abdomen.

Parts of speech     scar v.

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