Reading Comprehension Passage 37 MCQ Test With Answers - [TITLE TO BE SUPPLIED]
Questions must be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage itself, and not on the basis of what you may know independently about the subject matter.
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[ TITLE TO BE SUPPLIED ] Up until now, practically anyone with the ability to develop a hoarse throat has been able to set himself up as an authority on race. We need only recall the names of Gobineau, Lathrop Stoddard, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Madison Grant and others to discover that the principal equipment necessary to qualify as an authority on race consists in a well-rounded ignorance and an unshakeable confidence! To listen to such "authorities" has been to suffer a positive increase in one's ignorance. In the universe of science the situation, though incomparably better, is by no means all that could be desired. Up until a few years ago, very little progress had been made in the scientific study of race. This has been chiefly due to the fact that the subject has been dealt with in a piecemeal manner and by specialists with an insufficient grasp of the complexities of the subject. Thus, psychologists have failed to take into account the sociological and biological factors, while sociologists have failed to give adequate consideration to the psychological and biological factors. Finally, and worst of all, until recently the physical anthropologists restricted their studies almost entirely to the morphological aspects of the subject. Actually what we need are more students who will combine the best qualities of the psychologist, the sociologist, and the biologist, and who will focus their attention upon the problems of race. Such a combination of qualities is scarcely realized in the modern anthropologist who treats man as if he were constituted of two distinct and separate universes, a social and a physical, each of which is considered to be the proper field of study of one who qualifies by agreeing to know nothing about the other. Ashley MONTAGU, Man In Process (1961). An appropriate title for the passage might be:
The Psychology Of The Problems Of Race
Scientific Study Of Race
Modern Anthropological Studies
Sociological, Biological And Psychological Factors
Man in Process
Who, according to the author, is a great authority on the subject of human races?
Physical anthropologists in general.
Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
The author mentions no such persons.
Anyone who is develops a horse throat.
Cross out the incorrect statement below:
The more we read the writings of the people mentioned in the passage, the more confused we become on the problems of race.
The situation is somewhat better in the world of scientific study of race.
Sociologists have done better than psychologists or indeed biologists in understanding the problems of race.
The reason why the scientific study of race has not so far yielded the expected results is the lack of adequate cooperation among the various scientific fields involved.
At present, the situation is still far from being all that is desirable.
What modern anthropology must learn to do is
to see man as he is: at the intersection of the social and the biological universes.
to analyse the social and the biological universes separately.
to treat man as if he were made up of two distinct universes.
to restrict its studies to morphological aspects only.
to better educate the people like Gobineau and others.
Mark out the appropriate interpretation:
The author recommends that what the people he mentions have written on the subject be carefully read by everyone.
Physical anthropologists used to study sociology and psychology in the past, but they do not seem to do this any longer.
The prominent characteristic of people like Gobineau is their full ignorance of the subject.
The situation in the scientific study of the problems of race has been no better.
A person who wants to become an authority on race must be able to develop a hoarse throat.
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