The Simple Present of Verbs Other Than the Verb to Be


1. Formation of the simple present

The Simple Present of any verb other than the verb to be is formed from the bare infinitive of the verb. As shown in the following examples, the bare infinitive of a verb consists of the infinitive without the word to. The bare infinitive is the form in which English verbs are usually listed in dictionaries. For example:

InfinitiveBare Infinitive
  to be  be
  to walk  walk
  to work  work

In the Simple Present of verbs other than the verb to be, the form of the verb used with the subjects I , youwe and they is the same as the bare infinitive. The form of the verb used with the subjects heshe and it has the ending s added to the bare infinitive.

For example, the Simple Present of the verb to work is conjugated as follows:


I work
you work
he works
she works
it works
we work
they work

The form of the verb used with the subjects heshe and it is generally referred to as the third person singular

See Exercise 1.

a. The simple present of the verb To Have
The Simple Present of the verb to have is slightly irregular, since the bare infinitive is have, whereas the form of the verb used in the third person singular is has. The Simple Present of the verb to have is conjugated as follows:


I have
you have
he has
she has
it has
we have
they have

See Exercise 2.

English Grammar Lessons
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