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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 40 – Risky Fashions Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 40 - Risky Fashions Vocabulary Test

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Word List

bulk [bʌlk] n.

Largeness and a heavy appearance

 The bulk of Kevin’s athletic body was too great for one small chair, so he sat on a bench.

Parts of speech     bulky adj.

capricious [kəˈprɪʃəs] adj.

Moving unpredictably from one thing to another

 Your college studies will go on too long if you make capricious jumps from one major to another.

Usage tips     Capricious comes from a Latin word meaning “goat”and implies a motion like the jumping of a goat.

Parts of speech     capriciousness n., capriciously adv.

cumbersome [ˈkʌmbəsəm] adj.

Difficult to wear or carry because of weight or shape

 To make it to the top of the mountain before dark, the hikers dumped their cumbersome tent.

exotic [ɪgˈzɒtɪk] adj.

Interesting or unusual because of coming from a faraway place

 I walked into the restaurant and smelled the exotic aromas of Malaysian spices.

Parts of speech     exoticism n., exotically adv.

inhibit [ɪnˈhɪbɪt] v.

To discourage or to slow down

 This lotion will inhibit the itching caused by mosquito bites.

Parts of speech     inhibition n.

minimum [ˈmɪnɪməm] n.

The smallest possible amount or level

 The minimum for being accepted to Cavill University is a score of 60 on the test.

Parts of speech     minimize v., minimum adj., minimal adj., minimally adv.

striking [ˈstraɪkɪŋ] adj.

Very noticeable;easily attracting attention

 Gordon had a striking new attitude after he learned self-discipline at the army academy.

Usage tips     Striking comes from a verb that means “to hit.”

Parts of speech     strike v., strikingly adv.

trend [trend] n.

A movement in one direction or a widespread change in fashion

 The trend among some young men is to wear their caps with the bill off to one side.

Parts of speech     trend v., trendy adj.

vanity [ˈvænɪtɪ] n.

An excessive concern for one’s appearance

 Mark’s vanity led him to spend far too much money on haircuts and new clothes.

Parts of speech     vain adj.

vulnerable [ˈvʌlnərəbl] adj.

Exposed to possible harm

 Babies and very old people are especially vulnerable to the new disease.

Usage tips     Vulnerable is often followed by a to phrase.

Parts of speech     vulnerability n., vulnerably adv.

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