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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 38 – The Written Word Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 38 - The Written Word Vocabulary Test

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Word List

advent [ˈædvənt] n.

Coming; arrival

 The advent of the automobile greatly increased the demand for petroleum.

Usage tips     Advent is usually followed by an of phrase.

ambiguous [æmˈbɪgjʊəs] adj.

Having more than one possible meaning

 The sentence It’s hard to say is ambiguous, with different meanings in different contexts.

Parts of speech     ambiguity n., ambiguously adv.

connotation [ˌkɒnəʊˈteɪʃən] n.

A meaning implied, not stated directly

 When my boss says, “Thank you,” the connotation is that she’s done talking and I should leave.

Parts of speech     connote v.

decipher [dɪˈsaɪfəʳ] v.

To figure out the meaning, even though it is written in a code or an unknown language

 The Rosetta Stone helped archaeologists decipher ancient Egyptian writing.

Usage tips     A cipher is a code or puzzle; decipher means “solve a puzzle written in code.”

denote [dɪˈnəʊt] v.

To mean something clearly and directly

 An “X” next to a name on this list denotes a person who has been chosen for the soccer team.

Parts of speech     denotation n.

illiterate [ɪˈlɪtərɪt] adj.

Unable to read

 In many villages nearly everyone was illiterate and unschooled, and the few who could read held great power.

Parts of speech     illiterate n., illiteracy n.

ingenious [ɪnˈdʒiːnɪəs] adj.

Very clever and imaginative

 Ann thought up an ingenious way to keep other people from accidentally taking her pens.

Parts of speech     ingenuity n., ingeniously adv.

inscription [ɪnˈskrɪpʃən] n.

Something written into a piece of rock or metal

 The inscription on my ring says “August 1, ”because that was the day of our wedding.

Parts of speech inscribe v.

phonetic [fəʊˈnetɪk] adj.

Related to the sounds in a language

 Children learning to write often make up phonetic spellings, based on the way a word sounds.

Parts of speech     phonetics n., phonetically adv.

symbolic [sɪmˈbɒlɪk] adj.

Acting as a sign for some other thing or idea

 Since the 1970s, yellow ribbons have been symbolic of hope that someone will return from a dangerous situation.

Usage tips     Symbolic is often followed by an of phrase indicating the meaning of a symbol.

Parts of speech     symbolize v., symbol n., symbolically adv.

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