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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 35 – Negative Emotions Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 35 - Negative Emotions Vocabulary Test

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Word List

antipathy [ænˈtɪpəθɪ] n.

A strong, long-lasting negative feeling

 My antipathy toward telemarketers is so strong that I am often rude to them.

Usage tips     Antipathy is often followed by a toward phrase.

arrogantly [ˈærəgəntlɪ] adv.

In a way that shows a high opinion of oneself and a low opinion of others

 Jenny told us about her party only one day in advance, arrogantly thinking we had nothing else to do.

Parts of speech     arrogance n., arrogant adj.

berate [bɪˈreɪt] v.

To say insulting and disrespectful things

 The teacher lost his job because he cruelly berated students who made mistakes.

Usage tips     You can only berate someone directly—only when he or she can hear you.

contemptuous [kənˈtɛmptʃuəs] n.

Having no respect

 Most scientists are contemptuous of reports that aliens from outer space have landed on the Earth.

Usage tips     A very common structure is be contemptuous of.

Parts of speech     contempt n., contemptible adj., contemptuously adv.

despise [dɪsˈpaɪz] v.

Hate very much

 Tom grew to despise his greedy and unfriendly boss.

humiliation [hjuːmɪlɪˈeɪʃən] n.

An event that causes someone to feel that she or he has lost the respect of others

 Losing the chess tournament was a great humiliation for Marie, and she never played chess again.

Parts of speech      humiliate v.

obnoxious [əbˈnɒkʃəs] adj.

Bothersome; doing small things that others don’t like

 My obnoxious neighbor keeps talking to me while I’m trying to read in my backyard.

Parts of speech     obnoxiously adv.

shame [ʃeɪm] n.

Dishonor because one has done something wrong

 Feeling deep shame because of their son’s crimes, the Ford family moved to a different town.

Usage tips     Shame is often followed by an of or about phrase.

Parts of speech     shame v., shameful adj., ashamed adj., shamefully adv.

stigmatize [ˈstɪgmətaɪz] v.

To mark with a visible feature that makes other people think, perhaps incorrectly, that someone or something is wrong

 Cadbury’s beard and tattoos stigmatized him as a bad match for Wall Street,so he couldn’t find work as a financial analyst.

Parts of speech     stigma n.

vitriolic [ˌvɪtrɪˈɒlɪk] adj.

Showing an extreme, hateful anger

 The mayor’s vitriolic attacks against the city council only made him sound unreasonable.

Usage tips     The origin of vitriolic is “vitriol,”a strong chemical that could cause painful burns.

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