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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 37 – Painting and Sculpture Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 37 - Painting and Sculpture Vocabulary Test

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Word List

abstract [ˈæbstrækt] adj.

Not concrete and realistic; not obviously related to everyday experience

 Abstract painting became popular partly because early photography was very realistic.

Parts of speech     abstraction n.

context [ˈkɒntekst] n.

A larger environment that something fits into

 In the context of Soviet Russia, public art had to be about the triumph of communism and its leaders.

Usage tips     The preposition in often comes before context, and an of phrase often comes after it.

Parts of speech     contextualize v., contextual adj.

depict [dɪˈpɪkt] v.

To show in pictures

 Michelangelo’s painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel depicts nine scenes from the Bible.

Parts of speech     depiction n.

dimension [dɪˈmenʃən] n.

A direction or surface along which something can be measured; an aspect

 The three dimensions of physical objects are length, width, and depth.

Parts of speech dimensional adj.

esthetically [ɛsˈθɛdɪkli] adv.

In a way that relates to beauty or appearance

 The outside of the office building is esthetically pleasing,but the inside is dark and unpleasant.

Usage tips     Esthetically is often spelled with an “a”at the beginning: aesthetically.

Parts of speech     esthetic n., esthete n., esthetic adj.

intrinsic [ɪnˈtrɪnsɪk] adj.

Being part of the basic nature of something

 Frequent elections are intrinsic to a democratic system.

Parts of speech     intrinsically adv.

perspective [pəˈspektɪv] n.

A way of seeing from a particular location; a way of thinking about something

 From my perspective, the entire town can be seen through a set of large windows.

portrayal [pɔːˈtreɪəl] n.

A description or drawing that reflects a certain point of view

 Most portrayals of Abraham Lincoln emphasize his sense of humor and his honesty.

Usage tips     Portrayal is often followed by an of phrase to indicate what is being described.

Parts of speech     portray v.

realism [ˈrɪəlɪzəm] n.

A technique that tries to picture something as it really looks

 Realism was popular among seventeenth-century Flemish painters like Rembrandt van Rijn.

Parts of speech     realist n., realistic adj.

spectrum [ˈspektrəm] n.

A range of different things, usually colors

 Bart’s colorful designs include every color of the spectrum, from deep blue to vibrant red.

Usage tips     The phrase the spectrum frequently means “the colors that the human eye can see.”

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