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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 34 – Passion Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 34 - Passion Vocabulary Test

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Word List

complex [kəmˈpleks] adj.

Not simple; involving many parts that work together

 A modern car engine is too complex for most car owners to repair by themselves.

Parts of speech     complexity n.

despondent [dɪsˈpɒndənt] adj.

Extremely sad and without hope for the future

 After his girlfriend left him, Johnson was despondent and wouldn’t talk to anyone.

devotion [dɪˈvəʊʃən] n.

A willingness to keep supporting someone you admire

 Grant showed great devotion to his wife, supporting her during her long illness.

Usage tips     Devotion is often followed by a to phrase.

Parts of speech     devote v., devotee n.

dilemma [daɪˈlemə] n.

A difficult choice between two things

 I was caught in a dilemma between traveling by airplane and taking a train, which is slower but more comfortable.

engender [ɪnˈdʒendəʳ] v.

To bring into being; to cause to exist

 The government’s warnings about terrorism engendered fear throughout the nation.

Usage tips     Engender is often followed by a noun for an emotion.

loyal [ˈlɔɪəl] adj.


 Carter was loyal to his girlfriend and would not date anyone else.

Usage tips     Loyal is often followed by a to phrase.

Parts of speech     loyalty n., loyally adv.

passion [ˈpæʃən] n.

An extremely strong emotion, like love or anger

 Debbie complained that there was no passion in her marriage.

Parts of speech     passionate adj., passionately adv.

proliferation [prəˌlɪfəˈreɪʃən] n.

An increase in the number of something and in the number of places it can be found

 The proliferation of fast-food restaurants has made it harder for Americans to eat healthy lunches.

Usage tips     Proliferation is very often followed by an of phrase.

Parts of speech     proliferate v.

reciprocity [ˌresɪˈprɒsɪtɪ] n.

Doing as much for another as he or she has done for you

 Dan was giving a lot of attention to Kelly, but he felt no reciprocity in their relationship.

Parts of speech     reciprocate v., reciprocal adj.

vanish [ˈvænɪʃ] v.

To disappear suddenly

 When the sun came out, last night’s light snowfall vanished.

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