400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 34 - Passion Vocabulary Test
complex [kəmˈpleks] adj.
Not simple; involving many parts that work together
→ A modern car engine is too complex for most car owners to repair by themselves.
Parts of speech complexity n.
despondent [dɪsˈpɒndənt] adj.
Extremely sad and without hope for the future
→ After his girlfriend left him, Johnson was despondent and wouldn’t talk to anyone.
devotion [dɪˈvəʊʃən] n.
A willingness to keep supporting someone you admire
→ Grant showed great devotion to his wife, supporting her during her long illness.
Usage tips Devotion is often followed by a to phrase.
Parts of speech devote v., devotee n.
dilemma [daɪˈlemə] n.
A difficult choice between two things
→ I was caught in a dilemma between traveling by airplane and taking a train, which is slower but more comfortable.
engender [ɪnˈdʒendəʳ] v.
To bring into being; to cause to exist
→ The government’s warnings about terrorism engendered fear throughout the nation.
Usage tips Engender is often followed by a noun for an emotion.
loyal [ˈlɔɪəl] adj.
→ Carter was loyal to his girlfriend and would not date anyone else.
Usage tips Loyal is often followed by a to phrase.
Parts of speech loyalty n., loyally adv.
passion [ˈpæʃən] n.
An extremely strong emotion, like love or anger
→ Debbie complained that there was no passion in her marriage.
Parts of speech passionate adj., passionately adv.
proliferation [prəˌlɪfəˈreɪʃən] n.
An increase in the number of something and in the number of places it can be found
→ The proliferation of fast-food restaurants has made it harder for Americans to eat healthy lunches.
Usage tips Proliferation is very often followed by an of phrase.
Parts of speech proliferate v.
reciprocity [ˌresɪˈprɒsɪtɪ] n.
Doing as much for another as he or she has done for you
→ Dan was giving a lot of attention to Kelly, but he felt no reciprocity in their relationship.
Parts of speech reciprocate v., reciprocal adj.
vanish [ˈvænɪʃ] v.
To disappear suddenly
→ When the sun came out, last night’s light snowfall vanished.