400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 32 - Family Relationships Vocabulary Test
ancestral [ænˈsestrəl] adj.
Relating to family members from earlier generations
→ Sweden is my ancestral homeland, from which my greatgrandfather emigrated in 1922.
Parts of speech ancestor n., ancestry n.
cohesion [kəʊˈhiːʒən] n.
Ability to stay together as a unit
→ Family cohesion is difficult if young people have to go far away to find work.
Usage tips Cohesion can also be used to describe forces that keep materials or structures together.
Parts of speech cohere v., cohesiveness n.
descendant [dɪˈsendənt] n.
A direct relative in a later generation (such as one’s son, daughter, or grandchild)
→ Billy Sobieski claimed to be a descendant of Jan Sobieski, a former king of Poland.
Usage tips Descendant is often followed by an of phrase.
Parts of speech descend v., descent n.
inheritance [ɪnˈherɪtəns] n.
Things passed down to you from your ancestors
→ My inheritance from my grandmother included her favorite necklace.
Parts of speech inherit v., inheritor n.
kin [kɪn] n.
→ Even though my uncle didn’t really like me, he was kind to me because we were kin.
Usage tips A common phrase is next of kin, meaning “closest relative.”
Parts of speech kinship n.
legitimate [lɪˈdʒɪtɪmɪt] adj.
True and respectable; in the context of family, born of a mother and father who were married to each other
→ You can skip the meeting if you have a legitimate reason.
Usage tips The opposite of legitimate is illegitimate.
Parts of speech legitimize v., legitimacy n.
paternal [pəˈtəːnl] adj.
Relating to a father
→ My mother’s parents have both died, but my paternal grandparents are still alive.
Usage tips Paternal may appear with maternal, meaning “relating to a mother.”
proximity [prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ] n.
→ The house was comfortable, except for its proximity to a busy road.
Usage tips Proximity can be followed by an of phrase or a to phrase.
Parts of speech proximate adj.
sentiment [ˈsentɪmənt] n.
Feelings; opinion based on feelings
→ I share your sentiments about air travel, but I disagree that cars are safer.
Usage tips Sentiments (the plural) is more common than sentiment.
Parts of speech sentimentality n., sentimental adj.
sibling [ˈsɪblɪŋ] n.
Brother or sister
→ My siblings and I got together to buy our parents a gift for their anniversary.
Usage tips Sibling is often preceded by a possessive noun or pronoun.