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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 29 – Government Corruption Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 29 - Government Corruption Vocabulary Test

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Word List

bribery [ˈbraɪbərɪ] n.

Giving money or other gifts to a government official or other person in authority in order to get special privileges

 Bribery of police officers is common in countries where police salaries are very low.

Parts of speech     bribe v., bribe n.

cynically [ˈsɪnɪklɪ] adv.

Disrespectfully; emphasizing the weaknesses of otherwise respected things

 Employees of the Roadways Department cynically referred to their boss as “the banker” because he took so many bribes.

Parts of speech     cynic n., cynicism n., cynical adj.

erode [ɪˈrəʊd] v.

To wear away and become smaller

 People’s respect for the government eroded as more officials were arrested for corruption.

Usage tips     Erode can be intransitive (the beach eroded) or transitive (the waves eroded the beach).

Parts of speech     erosion n., erosive adj.

evade [ɪˈveɪd] v.

To get away from something that tries to catch you

 The robbery suspects tried to evade the police by fleeing to Canada.

Parts of speech     evasion n., evasive adj.

grotesque [grəʊˈtesk] adj.

Extremely unattractive, in a way that catches a lot of attention.

 Spending $3.5 million to redecorate the governor’s house is a grotesque misuse of public money.

integrity [ɪnˈtegrɪtɪ] n.

Personal honesty and good character

 We don’t have a problem with our employees stealing from the store because we hire only people with a lot of integrity.

prevalent [ˈprevələnt] adj.

Common; easy to find because it exists in great amounts

 Distrust of elected officials was prevalent in our county because many of them were friends with certain candidates.

Parts of speech     prevail v., prevalence n.

reform [rɪˈfɔːm] v.

To make big improvements

 The new law was an attempt to reform the system of giving money to political candidates.

Parts of speech     reform n., reformer n.

scandal [ˈskændl] n.

A case of wrongdoing that hurts someone’s reputation

 In the Watergate scandal, some of the president’s top advisors were revealed to be criminals.

Parts of speech     scandalize v., scandalous adj.

unmask [ˈʌnˈmɑːsk] v.

Reveal; expose something that is hidden

 The Forge Trucking Company was eventually unmasked as a front for organized crime.

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