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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 26 – A Reasonable Doubt Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 26 - A Reasonable Doubt Vocabulary Test

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Word List

accuse [əˈkjuːz] v.

To say that someone did something wrong (e.g., committed a crime)

 Jordan was accused of using a stolen credit card to buy about $300 worth of electronic equipment.

Usage tips     Accuse is often used in the passive voice.

Parts of speech     accusation n., accuser n.

allegedly [əˈlɛdʒədli] adv.

According to what people say

 The chief financial officer of the company allegedly took company money for his personal use.

Parts of speech     allege v., allegation n.

civil [ˈsɪvl] adj.

Involving a dispute between two citizens, not a criminal charge

 In a civil suit against his neighbor, Barney claimed that the neighbor’s dog had bitten him.

Usage tips     In a court context, civil almost always appears in one of the following phrases: civil suit, civil action, civil court, civil proceedings, and civil penalties.

convict [ˈkɒnvɪkt] v.

To decide that someone is guilty of a crime

 Dean was convicted of assault after the jury saw a video of him striking another man.

Usage tips     Convict is often used in the passive voice.

Parts of speech     convict n., conviction n.

guilty [ˈgɪltɪ] adj.

Responsible for doing something bad

 The jury found that the director was guilty of embezzlement.

Usage tips     Guilty is often followed by an of phrase that names a crime or bad deed.

Parts of speech     guilt n., guiltily adv.

offense [əˈfens] n.

A specific act that breaks the law

 Convicted twice of reckless driving, Victor will lose his license if he commits another serious traffic offense.

Parts of speech     offender n., offensive adj.

peer [pɪər] n.

A person who is one’s social equal

 In requiring judgment by “a jury of one’s peers,” meant to protect lower-class defendants from the possibly biased judgment of upper-class juries.

suspect [ˈsʌspekt] n.

Someone who,in the opinion of the police, might have committed a certain crime

 The police were investigating the activities of five suspects in the liquor-store robbery.

Parts of speech     suspect v., suspicion n., suspicious adj., suspiciously adv.

verdict [ˈvɜːdɪkt] n.

A judgment in a court case

 It took the jury only 30 minutes to reach a verdict of “guilty.”

Usage tips     Verdict is often the object of the verbs reach or arrive at.

witness [ˈwɪtnɪs] v.

To see something, especially a crime, happen

 After witnessing the car theft, Rodney called the police.

Parts of speech     witness n.

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