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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 28 – Investigating Crimes Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 28 - Investigating Crimes Vocabulary Test

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Word List

analyze [ˈænlˌaɪz] v.

To examine something by looking at its parts

 Chemists analyzed the white powder and found it to be only a mixture of sugar and salt.

Parts of speech     analysis n., analyst n.

assail [əˈseɪl] v.

To attack or criticize forcefully

 With DNA evidence from the crime scene, the defense lawyer assailed the police for falsely arresting his client.

Parts of speech     assault n., assailant n.

contrary [ˈkɒntrərɪ] adj.


 Contrary to most studies, Dr.Ito’s work shows the world’s climate is not getting warmer.

Usage tips     Common phrases are contrary to and on the contrary.

hypothesize [haɪˈpɒθɪsaɪz] v.

To make a guess, the correctness of which will eventually be investigated systematically.

 Scientists hypothesize that planets capable of supporting life exist beyond our solar system, but they have not yet seen any.

Usage tips     Hypothesize is often followed by a that clause.

Parts of speech     hypothesis n., hypothetical adj.

impair [ɪmˈpɛəʳ] v.

To make something less effective than usual

 The snow impaired John’s ability to hear anyone’s footsteps.

Usage tips     The object of impair is often [someone’s] ability to.

Parts of speech     impairment n.

inference [ˈɪnfərəns] n.

A conclusion drawn from evidence

 Inspector Dowd’s inference that Ms.Miller was South African was based on her accent.

Parts of speech     infer v.

objectively [əbˈdʒektɪvlɪ] adv.

Based on unbiased standards, not on personal opinion

 I don’t like Mr.Rowan, but looking objectively at his sales numbers, I saw that he was a very valuable employee.

Parts of speech     objective adj.

suspicious [səsˈpɪʃəs] adj.

Believing that something is wrong; acting in a way that makes people believe you have done something wrong

 The neighbors became suspicious of Jim when he bought a big new car and some fancy clothes.

Parts of speech     suspicion n., suspiciously adv.

tolerate [ˈtɒləreɪt] v.

To avoid getting upset about something

 My math teacher tolerates a lot of talking in her class, but my history teacher tells us to be quiet.

Parts of speech     toleration n., tolerance n., tolerant adj.

versus [ˈvɜːsəs] prep.


 In the debate, it was pro-war senators versus antiwar senators.

Usage tips     Versus is often abbreviated as vs. in sports contexts, or simply v. in legal contexts.

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