400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 23 - Employment Vocabulary Test
compensate [ˈkɒmpənseɪt] v.
To give an employee money or other things in exchange for the work he or she does
→ My pay doesn’t properly compensate me for my efforts, but my other benefits,like health insurance, fill in the gap.
Usage tips Compensate is often followed by a for phrase.
Parts of speech compensation n., compensatory adj.
dynamic [daɪˈnæmɪk] adj.
Full of energy
→ This job requires a dynamic person, someone who will look for opportunities instead of just waiting around for them.
Parts of speech dynamism n., dynamically adv.
enterprising [ˈentəpraɪzɪŋ] adj.
Creative in thinking of ways to make money
→ Immigrants are often among the most enterprising members of society, partly because anyone brave enough to make an overseas move is likely to be a risk-taker.
Parts of speech enterprise n. (Note:There is no verb “to enterprise.”)
exploit [ˈeksplɔɪt] v.
To take advantage of; to treat inconsiderately in order to profit
→ The company tried to exploit the low interest rates to expand operations.
Parts of speech exploitation n., exploitive adj.
incentive [ɪnˈsentɪv] n.
A possible benefit that motivates a person to do a certain thing
→ This city’s willingness to support its public schools gave us an incentive to move here with our two young children.
Usage tips Incentive is usually followed by a to phrase.
industrious [ɪnˈdʌstrɪəs] adj.
Willing to work hard
→ The Dutch settlements in Ottawa County were founded by industrious farmers who objected to frivolous behavior such as dancing.
Usage tips Only people can be industrious; companies cannot.
Parts of speech industriousness n., industriously adv.
marginal [ˈmɑːdʒɪnl] adj.
Not very significant or effective
→ Our new advertising campaign had only marginal success, raising sales by a mere 3 percent.
Parts of speech marginally adv.
merit [ˈmerɪt] n.
Value; success based on one’s work, not on luck
→ Pay raises at our company are based on merit, as determined by a committee of managers.
Usage tips Merit is uncountable.
Parts of speech merit v., meritorious adj.
promote [prəˈməʊt] v.
To move someone to a higher position in a company
→ Because of his excellent handling of the Vredeman account, Jim Harris was promoted to vice president.
Usage tips Promote is very often followed by a to phrase indicating the position one has been moved up to.
Parts of speech promotion n.
resign [rɪˈzaɪn] v.
To quit one’s job
→ Because of controversy over his leadership style, Morton resigned from his job as president.
Parts of speech resignation n.