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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 23 – Employment Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 23 - Employment Vocabulary Test

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Word List

compensate [ˈkɒmpənseɪt] v.

To give an employee money or other things in exchange for the work he or she does

 My pay doesn’t properly compensate me for my efforts, but my other benefits,like health insurance, fill in the gap.

Usage tips     Compensate is often followed by a for phrase.

Parts of speech     compensation n., compensatory adj.

dynamic [daɪˈnæmɪk] adj.

Full of energy

 This job requires a dynamic person, someone who will look for opportunities instead of just waiting around for them.

Parts of speech     dynamism n., dynamically adv.

enterprising [ˈentəpraɪzɪŋ] adj.

Creative in thinking of ways to make money

 Immigrants are often among the most enterprising members of society, partly because anyone brave enough to make an overseas move is likely to be a risk-taker.

Parts of speech     enterprise n. (Note:There is no verb “to enterprise.”)

exploit [ˈeksplɔɪt] v.

To take advantage of; to treat inconsiderately in order to profit

 The company tried to exploit the low interest rates to expand operations.

Parts of speech     exploitation n., exploitive adj.

incentive [ɪnˈsentɪv] n.

A possible benefit that motivates a person to do a certain thing

 This city’s willingness to support its public schools gave us an incentive to move here with our two young children.

Usage tips     Incentive is usually followed by a to phrase.

industrious [ɪnˈdʌstrɪəs] adj.

Willing to work hard

 The Dutch settlements in Ottawa County were founded by industrious farmers who objected to frivolous behavior such as dancing.

Usage tips     Only people can be industrious; companies cannot.

Parts of speech     industriousness n., industriously adv.

marginal [ˈmɑːdʒɪnl] adj.

Not very significant or effective

 Our new advertising campaign had only marginal success, raising sales by a mere 3 percent.

Parts of speech     marginally adv.

merit [ˈmerɪt] n.

Value; success based on one’s work, not on luck

 Pay raises at our company are based on merit, as determined by a committee of managers.

Usage tips     Merit is uncountable.

Parts of speech     merit v., meritorious adj.

promote [prəˈməʊt] v.

To move someone to a higher position in a company

 Because of his excellent handling of the Vredeman account, Jim Harris was promoted to vice president.

Usage tips     Promote is very often followed by a to phrase indicating the position one has been moved up to.

Parts of speech     promotion n.

resign [rɪˈzaɪn] v.

To quit one’s job

 Because of controversy over his leadership style, Morton resigned from his job as president.

Parts of speech     resignation n.

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