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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 21 – Wealth and Social Class Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 21 - Wealth and Social Class Vocabulary Test

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Word List

accumulate [əˈkjuːmjəleɪt] v.

To build up a large amount of something

 Over several generations, the Hardington family accumulated vast wealth by buying and selling land.

Parts of speech     accumulation n.

affluence [ˈæfluəns] n.

Wealth and the style of life that goes with it

 Mohadzir grew up amid affluence, which poorly prepared him for his grad student days in crowded apartments with no servants.

Parts of speech     affluent adj.

elite [eiˈliːt] adj.

Belonging to a special, honored group

 Messner is an elite climber who recently ascended an 8,000-meter mountain without extra oxygen.

Parts of speech     elite n., elitist adj.

impoverish [ɪmˈpɒvərɪʃ] v.

To make a person or group poor

 The collapse of the steel industry impoverished several counties in eastern Ohio.

Parts of speech     impoverishment n.

luxury [ˈlʌkʃərɪ] n.

Extreme comfort, beyond what anyone needs

 Automakers try to give their cars an image of luxury by including extras like heated seats and satellite tracking systems.

Parts of speech     luxuriate v., luxurious adj.

nobility [nouˈbɪlɪtɪ] n.

A group of socially prominent people with special titles given by a king or queen, such as “duke”or “countess”

 In the Middle Ages, the nobility supposedly followed a code that required them to take care of poorer people who lived near their estates.

Usage tips     Nobility is used as a name for a group of distinguished people; it can also mean “a highly dignified form of behavior.”

Parts of speech     noble n., noble adj.

prestige [presˈtiːʒ] n.

Honor and respect for being better than the average

 The Grassleys enjoyed the prestige of living in the historic town, but they did not feel at home there.

Parts of speech     prestigious adj.

privileged [ˈprɪvɪlɪdʒd] adj.

Able to enjoy special advantages because of one’s position (usually because of being born into a wealthy or powerful family)

 Despite his privileged position in one of America’s most powerful families, the politician tried to portray himself as an ordinary person.

Parts of speech     privilege n.

prosper [ˈprɒspər] v.

To do very well in one’s business or personal life

 Vargas prospered after finally patenting his new inventions.

Usage tips     A person can prosper; so can a group, a company, or an area.

Parts of speech     prosperity n., prosperous adj.

working class [ˈwərkɪŋ ˈˌklæs] n.

People with low-paying (often unskilled) jobs who are not poor but who are not securely in the middle class

 The Farrelly family, like other members of the working class, were proud of their jobs and did not want any handouts from charity or the government.

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