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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 28: The Lord and the Farmers

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 28: The Lord and the Farmers

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Word List

  • adjoining [əˈdʒɔiniŋ] adj. 

If something is adjoining, it is next to or joined with a building, or room.

 I couldn’t sleep because the people in the adjoining room were loud.

  • allege [əˈledʒ] v. 

To allege something is to say that it is true without offering proof.

 The little girl had alleged that her older brother hid her favorite doll.

  • arch [ɑːrtʃ] n. 

An arch is a curved opening formed under a structure such as a bridge or doorway.

 The arch of the bridge was not high enough for the tall boat to pass underneath.

  • assemble [əˈsembəl] v. 

To assemble means to get together in one place.

 The parents assembled to discuss ways to improve their children’s education.

  • casualty [ˈkæʒjuəlti] n. 

casualty is a person killed or injured in a war or an accident.

 The only casualty in the car accident was a woman who broke her arm.

  • erect [iˈrekt] v. 

To erect something means to build it.

 The king erected two towers on the north and south sides of his castle.

  • foul [faul] adj. 

If something is foul, then it is not pleasant or enjoyable.

 He wouldn’t let his dog drink from the water because it had a foul smell.

  • hectare [ˈhektɛər] n. 

hectare is a unit of measure equal to 10,000 square meters.

 His family farm covered many hectares.

  • heighten [ˈhaitn] v. 

To heighten an emotion means to increase the intensity of it.

 The pleasant music heightened their enjoyment of the wonderful dinner.

  • hospitality [ˌhɒspiˈtæləti] n. 

Hospitality is friendly behavior and entertainment given to guests or strangers.

 The travelers were amazed at the hospitality given them by the hotel’s staff.

  • mansion [ˈmænʃən] n. 

mansion is a large and expensive home.

 The mansion had thirty bedrooms, two kitchens, and a pool.

  • outnumber [autˈnʌmbər] v. 

To outnumber a group means to have a greater number than it.

 The girls outnumbered the boys at the school by four to one.

  • overjoyed [ˌouvərˈdʒɔid] adj. 

If someone is overjoyed, then they are extremely happy.

 He was overjoyed by the news of his promotion.

  • pasture [ˈpæstʃər] n. 

pasture is an area of land covered with grass for animals to use as food.

 The sheep were taken to a pasture where there was more grass.

  • petition [piˈtiʃən] n. 

petition is a written request asking an authority to do something.

 The citizens all signed a petition asking the mayor to repair the sidewalks.

  • renovate [ˈrenəveit] v. 

To renovate a building means to repair it or build new structures on it.

 The old fire station was renovated into an apartment building.

  • revise [riˈvaiz] v. 

To revise something means to change or update it to make it better.

 When the editor discovered certain facts were wrong, he revised the book.

  • slab [slæb] n. 

slab is a large, thick, flat piece of stone, concrete, metal, or wood.

 I looked at various slabs of stone to decorate my house.

  • terrace [ˈterəs] n. 

terrace is an open area that is connected to a house or an apartment.

 In the afternoons, she liked to sit on the terrace and check her email.

  • turf [təːrf] n. 

Turf is a section of grass and the dirt in which it grows.

 After the game, the turf looked ragged.

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