4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 27: The Earl of Shining
- analogy [əˈnælədʒi] n.
An analogy is a connection made between things to show that they are similar.
→ The doctor made an analogy between the human heart and a water pump.
- ancestry [ˈænsestri] n.
A person’s ancestry is the series of people from whom a person descended.
→ We studied our ancestry and found out that we are related to royalty.
- archer [ˈɑːrtʃər] n.
An archer is a person who uses a bow and arrows.
→ The expert archer hit the target every time.
- conspiracy [kənˈspirəsi] n.
A conspiracy is a secret plan made by a group of people to do something illegal.
→ Some people think that there was a conspiracy to kill American president John Kennedy.
- deputy [ˈdepjəti] n.
A deputy is the second-highest-ranking person in a business or government.
→ While the sheriff was ill, the deputy took over his duties.
- earl [əːrl] n.
An earl is a nobleman from Britain.
→ The Earl of Canterbury lived in a huge mansion.
- fragrant [ˈfreigrənt] adj.
When something is fragrant, it has a pleasant smell.
→ The girl picked delicious berries and fragrant flowers.
- funnel [ˈfʌnl] n.
A funnel is an object with a wide top and a narrow bottom for pouring liquids.
→ The worker used a funnel when he poured the oil into the engine.
- hereditary [hiˈredəˌteri] adj.
If something is hereditary, it is a trait passed onto children from their parents.
→ The hereditary disease affected three generations of children.
- hymn [him] n.
A hymn is a religious song that often praises a god.
→ The book was filled with hymns that the worshippers sang.
- invert [inˈvəːrt] v.
To invert something means to turn it upside down.
→ He inverted the bicycle to make repairs on the wheels.
- prey [prei] n.
Prey is the animals that are hunted and eaten by another creature.
→ The lion ran as fast as he could to catch his prey.
- procession [prəˈseʃən] n.
A procession is a group of people who walk or drive in a line during a public event.
→ The procession all celebrated when they reached the end.
- prophet [ˈprɒfit] n.
A prophet is a person chosen by a god to give the god’s message to people.
→ Harold believed that he was one of the prophets of his god.
- sarcastic [sɑːrˈkæstik] adj.
When something is sarcastic, it is the opposite of what is actually meant.
→ She hurt her mother’s feelings with her constant sarcastic remarks.
- seasoning [ˈsiːzəniŋ] n.
Seasoning is a mix of salt, herbs, and spices that improves the taste of food.
→ This steak tastes bland. Maybe I’ll add some seasoning to it.
- sodium [ˈsoudiəm] n.
Sodium is an element that can be used to make substances such as salt.
→ Sodium and chloride combine to make table salt.
- tyranny [ˈtirəni] n.
A tyranny is a cruel and unfair government in which one person has power.
→ His tyranny was impossible to live under.
- tyrant [ˈtaiərənt] n.
A tyrant is someone who treats people in a cruel, harsh, and unfair way.
→ Our boss is a tyrant. He makes us work long hours for little pay.
- vinegar [ˈvinigər] n.
Vinegar is a strong liquid made from sour wine that is used in cooking.
→ Be careful because too much vinegar will ruin the recipe.