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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 24: Preparing of the Future

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 24: Preparing of the Future

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Word List

  • abide [əˈbaid] v. 

To abide by something, like a rule, means to obey it.

 If you want to play the game with us, you must be willing to abide by our rules.

  • conversion [kənˈvəːrʃən] n. 

Conversion is the act of changing something into a different state or form.

 The city discussed the conversion of the parking lot into a skateboard park.

  • cram [kræm] v. 

To cram things means to put them into a place that can barely contain them.

 He crammed all of his shirts into the top drawer of the dresser.

  • defer [diˈfəːr] v. 

To defer means to arrange for an action to happen at a later time.

 The girl was very sleepy, so she chose to defer her bath until morning.

  • export [ˈekspɔːrt] v. 

To export products means to sell them to other countries.

 The United States exports many cereals and grains.

  • fume [fjuːm] n. 

Fumes are unhealthy smoke and gases that are made by fires or chemicals.

 The engine put unpleasant, black fumes into the air.

  • habitual [həˈbitjuəl] adj. 

When something is habitual, it is a behavior that a person usually does or has.

 The man was a habitual liar who was incapable of being honest with the police.

  • justify [ˈdʒʌstəfai] v. 

To justify something means to show or prove that it is necessary.

 The government tried to justify its decision to bring the country into a war.

  • output [ˈautput] n. 

Output is the amount of something that a person or thing produces.

 The boss hired more workers to increase the factory’s output of products.

  • overpopulation [ˌouvərpɒpjuˈleiʃən] n. 

Overpopulation is the state of having too many people in an area.

 The organization is concerned with overpopulation of the world.

  • patent [ˈpætənt] n. 

patent is a right to be the only person allowed to make or sell a new product.

 He quickly established a patent for his brilliant invention.

  • penalize [ˈpiːnəlaiz] v. 

To penalize someone means to punish him or her.

 The team was penalized when they broke the rules.

  • petroleum [piˈtrouliəm] n. 

Petroleum is a liquid natural resource from which many fuels are made.

 The petroleum at that factory is used to make gasoline.

  • prototype [ˈproutətaip] n. 

prototype is a new machine that is not ready to be made in large quantities.

 He introduced his prototype to the motorcycle company.

  • scrap [skræp] n. 

scrap of something is a small amount of it.

 Chris liked to use many scraps of paper when thinking up ideas.

  • sector [ˈsektə:r] n. 

sector is a part of a country’s economy in a specific type of industry.

 We learned about just a few of the factories within the manufacturing sector.

  • subscribe [səbˈskraib] v. 

To subscribe to something is to agree or to concur with it.

 She subscribed to the view that musical education should be kept in schools.

  • subsist [səbˈsist] v. 

To subsist means to have the food, water, and money needed to stay alive.

 Some people are forced to subsist on only a few dollars a month.

  • suspend [səsˈpend] v. 

To suspend something means to delay or stop it from happening for a while.

 The oil company suspended production until it was sure the factory was safe.

  • synthesis [ˈsinθəsis] n. 

synthesis is a combination of different ideas or styles.

 The band’s music was a synthesis of many different musical genres.

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