4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 24: Preparing of the Future
- abide [əˈbaid] v.
To abide by something, like a rule, means to obey it.
→ If you want to play the game with us, you must be willing to abide by our rules.
- conversion [kənˈvəːrʃən] n.
Conversion is the act of changing something into a different state or form.
→ The city discussed the conversion of the parking lot into a skateboard park.
- cram [kræm] v.
To cram things means to put them into a place that can barely contain them.
→ He crammed all of his shirts into the top drawer of the dresser.
- defer [diˈfəːr] v.
To defer means to arrange for an action to happen at a later time.
→ The girl was very sleepy, so she chose to defer her bath until morning.
- export [ˈekspɔːrt] v.
To export products means to sell them to other countries.
→ The United States exports many cereals and grains.
- fume [fjuːm] n.
Fumes are unhealthy smoke and gases that are made by fires or chemicals.
→ The engine put unpleasant, black fumes into the air.
- habitual [həˈbitjuəl] adj.
When something is habitual, it is a behavior that a person usually does or has.
→ The man was a habitual liar who was incapable of being honest with the police.
- justify [ˈdʒʌstəfai] v.
To justify something means to show or prove that it is necessary.
→ The government tried to justify its decision to bring the country into a war.
- output [ˈautput] n.
Output is the amount of something that a person or thing produces.
→ The boss hired more workers to increase the factory’s output of products.
- overpopulation [ˌouvərpɒpjuˈleiʃən] n.
Overpopulation is the state of having too many people in an area.
→ The organization is concerned with overpopulation of the world.
- patent [ˈpætənt] n.
A patent is a right to be the only person allowed to make or sell a new product.
→ He quickly established a patent for his brilliant invention.
- penalize [ˈpiːnəlaiz] v.
To penalize someone means to punish him or her.
→ The team was penalized when they broke the rules.
- petroleum [piˈtrouliəm] n.
Petroleum is a liquid natural resource from which many fuels are made.
→ The petroleum at that factory is used to make gasoline.
- prototype [ˈproutətaip] n.
A prototype is a new machine that is not ready to be made in large quantities.
→ He introduced his prototype to the motorcycle company.
- scrap [skræp] n.
A scrap of something is a small amount of it.
→ Chris liked to use many scraps of paper when thinking up ideas.
- sector [ˈsektə:r] n.
A sector is a part of a country’s economy in a specific type of industry.
→ We learned about just a few of the factories within the manufacturing sector.
- subscribe [səbˈskraib] v.
To subscribe to something is to agree or to concur with it.
→ She subscribed to the view that musical education should be kept in schools.
- subsist [səbˈsist] v.
To subsist means to have the food, water, and money needed to stay alive.
→ Some people are forced to subsist on only a few dollars a month.
- suspend [səsˈpend] v.
To suspend something means to delay or stop it from happening for a while.
→ The oil company suspended production until it was sure the factory was safe.
- synthesis [ˈsinθəsis] n.
A synthesis is a combination of different ideas or styles.
→ The band’s music was a synthesis of many different musical genres.