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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 22: The Editor’s Choice

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 22: The Editor’s Choice

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Word List

  • coward [ˈkauərd] n. 

coward is a person who lacks courage to do risky or dangerous things.

 A firefighter cannot be a coward. They have to be able to act quickly.

  • delete [diˈliːt] v. 

To delete something means to remove or erase written material.

 Several lines had been deleted from her speech.

  • firsthand [ˌfəːrstˈhænd] adj. 

If something is firsthand, then it is from an original source.

 If you want firsthand knowledge, ask someone who saw it.

  • earnest [ˈəːrnist] adj. 

If someone is earnest, then they are honest.

 The child was very earnest when she told her mother how she broke the dish.

  • ethnic [ˈeθnik] adj. 

If something is ethnic, then it is related to a group with a similar culture.

 Many sections of the city are home to different ethnic communities.

  • exclude [iksˈkluːd] v. 

To exclude someone means to not accept them into a group.

 Carol was excluded from the contest because her friend was a judge.

  • fluent [ˈfluːənt] adj. 

If someone is fluent in a language, then they are able to speak it very well.

 She was so fluent in German that you’d have thought she was from Germany.

  • imperial [imˈpiəriəl] adj. 

If something is imperial, then it is of, or related to an empire.

 These old imperial coins were once used in the Roman Empire.

  • inclusive [inˈkluːsiv] adj. 

If something is inclusive, then it is open to all groups and people in society.

 A more inclusive event would have allowed children to attend.

  • legislature [ˈledʒisleitʃə:r] n. 

legislature is the section of a government that makes laws.

 The senator had served ten years in the national legislature.

  • linguistic [liŋˈgwistik] adj. 

If something is linguistic, then it is concerned with language.

 A linguistic way of studying culture focuses on words within that culture.

  • monolingual [ˌmɒnəˈliŋgwəl] adj. 

If someone is monolingual, then they speak only one language.

 In today’s global economy, being monolingual limits your opportunities.

  • nationality [ˌnæʃəˈnæləti] n. 

Nationality is an identity based on the nation from which you come.

 His nationality is German, but he speaks French, Spanish, and Korean.

  • patriot [ˈpeitriət] n. 

patriot is someone who loves, supports, and defends their country.

 Every year young patriots join their countries’ militaries.

  • prosecute [ˈprɒsəkjuːt] v. 

To prosecute someone means to take legal action against them.

 They were prosecuted for fishing in the river without a permit.

  • racial [ˈreiʃəl] adj. 

If something is racial, then it is related to a race or races.

 The differences between racial groups are physical characteristics and culture.

  • solemn [ˈsɒləm] adj. 

If something is solemn, then it is serious and honest.

 The professor preferred a solemn relationship between him and his students.

  • solidarity [ˌsɒləˈdærəti] n. 

Solidarity is a union formed from common responsibilities or interests.

 All the citizens came together in a show of solidarity to create change.

  • tact [tækt] n. 

Tact is the ability to avoid offending people when dealing with problems.

 Since both sides would not agree, it required someone with tact to make peace.

  • undermine [ˌʌndərˈmain] v. 

To undermine someone means to betray or weaken their efforts or authority.

 The documents helped to undermine the workers’ trust in their bosses’ honesty.

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