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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 21: The Mayor of Sherman

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 21: The Mayor of Sherman

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Word List

  • abolish [əˈbɒliʃ] v. 

To abolish something means to put an end to it, such as a system or law.

 President Lincoln abolished slavery in the US.

  • amend [əˈmend] v. 

To amend something means to change it to improve or make it accurate.

 The countries were in agreement that the treaty needed to be amended.

  • aspire [əsˈpaiər] v. 

To aspire means to have a strong desire to achieve or do something.

 George aspired to be a doctor from a young age.

  • censor [ˈsensər] v. 

To censor information means to remove it if it is rude or rebellious.

 To protect innocent people, the location of the bomb was censored.

  • charter [ˈtʃɑːrtər] n. 

charter is a document that describes the rights of an organization or group.

 The company charter explained that all employees had to pay a tax.

  • constitution [ˌkɒnstəˈtjuːʃən] n. 

constitution is a document of principles for a government.

 The country’s constitution said a prime minister could only serve three terms.

  • cosmopolitan [ˌkɒzməˈpɒlətən] adj. 

When a place is cosmopolitan, it is full of people from many different places.

 There are dozens of different types of restaurants in a cosmopolitan city.

  • disseminate [diˈseməneit] v. 

To disseminate information or knowledge means to distribute it.

 The organization disseminates information about the dangers of smoking.

  • flatter [ˈflætər] v. 

To flatter people means to praise them in an effort to please them.

 He was just flattering me when he said that my new dress looked gorgeous.

  • infamous [ˈinfəməs] adj. 

When someone is infamous, they are well known for something bad.

 That news channel is infamous for presenting biased information.

  • lame [leim] adj. 

If one is lame, they cannot walk properly due to an injury to the leg or foot.

 The terrible accident left many people dead and several others lame.

  • limp [imp] v. 

To limp means to walk with difficulty because someone’s leg or foot is hurt.

 After the injury, the player limped off of the field.

  • outburst [ˈautbəːrst] n. 

An outburst is a sudden, strong expression of an emotion.

 There was an outburst of cheers when the comedian took the stage.

  • pathological [ˌpæθəˈlɒdʒikəl] adj. 

When a behavior is pathological, it is extreme, unacceptable, and uncontrollable.

 The pathological liar could not even tell the truth about unimportant matters.

  • phenomenal [fiˈnɒmənl] adj. 

When something is phenomenal, it is unusually great.

 The child’s ability to play the piano is nothing short of phenomenal.

  • poll [poul] n. 

poll is a survey in which people give their opinions about important things.

  The poll showed that many people support the plan to stop gang violence.

  • remorse [riˈmɔːrs] n. 

Remorse is a strong feeling of sadness and regret.

 When I realized what I did, I felt remorse for my actions.

  • secrecy [ˈsiːkrəsi] n. 

Secrecy is the behavior of keeping things secret.

 The secrecy of the big organization made the government nervous.

  • tackle [ˈtækəl] v. 

To tackle something means to deal with it in a determined and efficient way.

 Such social problems need to be tackled right away.

  • trance [træns] n. 

trance is a a state where people seem asleep and have no control of themselves.

 The woman’s powerful eyes often put men in a trance.

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