4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 21: The Mayor of Sherman
- abolish [əˈbɒliʃ] v.
To abolish something means to put an end to it, such as a system or law.
→ President Lincoln abolished slavery in the US.
- amend [əˈmend] v.
To amend something means to change it to improve or make it accurate.
→ The countries were in agreement that the treaty needed to be amended.
- aspire [əsˈpaiər] v.
To aspire means to have a strong desire to achieve or do something.
→ George aspired to be a doctor from a young age.
- censor [ˈsensər] v.
To censor information means to remove it if it is rude or rebellious.
→ To protect innocent people, the location of the bomb was censored.
- charter [ˈtʃɑːrtər] n.
A charter is a document that describes the rights of an organization or group.
→ The company charter explained that all employees had to pay a tax.
- constitution [ˌkɒnstəˈtjuːʃən] n.
A constitution is a document of principles for a government.
→ The country’s constitution said a prime minister could only serve three terms.
- cosmopolitan [ˌkɒzməˈpɒlətən] adj.
When a place is cosmopolitan, it is full of people from many different places.
→ There are dozens of different types of restaurants in a cosmopolitan city.
- disseminate [diˈseməneit] v.
To disseminate information or knowledge means to distribute it.
→ The organization disseminates information about the dangers of smoking.
- flatter [ˈflætər] v.
To flatter people means to praise them in an effort to please them.
→ He was just flattering me when he said that my new dress looked gorgeous.
- infamous [ˈinfəməs] adj.
When someone is infamous, they are well known for something bad.
→ That news channel is infamous for presenting biased information.
- lame [leim] adj.
If one is lame, they cannot walk properly due to an injury to the leg or foot.
→ The terrible accident left many people dead and several others lame.
- limp [imp] v.
To limp means to walk with difficulty because someone’s leg or foot is hurt.
→ After the injury, the player limped off of the field.
- outburst [ˈautbəːrst] n.
An outburst is a sudden, strong expression of an emotion.
→ There was an outburst of cheers when the comedian took the stage.
- pathological [ˌpæθəˈlɒdʒikəl] adj.
When a behavior is pathological, it is extreme, unacceptable, and uncontrollable.
→ The pathological liar could not even tell the truth about unimportant matters.
- phenomenal [fiˈnɒmənl] adj.
When something is phenomenal, it is unusually great.
→ The child’s ability to play the piano is nothing short of phenomenal.
- poll [poul] n.
A poll is a survey in which people give their opinions about important things.
→ The poll showed that many people support the plan to stop gang violence.
- remorse [riˈmɔːrs] n.
Remorse is a strong feeling of sadness and regret.
→ When I realized what I did, I felt remorse for my actions.
- secrecy [ˈsiːkrəsi] n.
Secrecy is the behavior of keeping things secret.
→ The secrecy of the big organization made the government nervous.
- tackle [ˈtækəl] v.
To tackle something means to deal with it in a determined and efficient way.
→ Such social problems need to be tackled right away.
- trance [træns] n.
A trance is a a state where people seem asleep and have no control of themselves.
→ The woman’s powerful eyes often put men in a trance.