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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 18: The Nurse’s Lesson

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 18: The Nurse’s Lesson

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Word List

  • beforehand [biˈfɔːrhænd] adv. 

If something is done beforehand, then it is done in advance.

 He packed his luggage beforehand, so he was able to leave right away.

  • centigrade [ˈsentəgreid] n. 

If a temperature is centigrade, it is scaled, so water freezes at 0° and boils at 100°.

 During the spring time, the temperature gets as warm as 26 degrees centigrade.

  • chatter [ˈtʃætər] v. 

To chatter means to talk quickly about unimportant things.

 The children chattered in the back of the classroom.

  • concerto [kənˈtʃərtou] n. 

concerto is music for a solo instrument and played with an orchestra.

 The piano concerto has a section in which only the piano plays.

  • condense [kənˈdens] v. 

To condense a gas means to make it a liquid.

 The cool air made tiny drops of water condense on the tops of the grass.

  • cove [kouv] n. 

cove is a part of land where it curves inward around the sea.

 They hid the boat in a small cove on the south side of the island.

  • deteriorate [diˈtiəriəreit] v. 

To deteriorate means to become steadily worse.

 The nation’s economy continued to deteriorate despite the politicians’ efforts.

  • exterior [iksˈtiəriər] n. 

An exterior is the outside surface of something.

 The exterior of the nut was hard and woody, but the inside was soft and delicious.

  • freeway [ˈfriːwei] n. 

freeway is a road with no stops where cars travel at high speeds.

 Once you get on the freeway, it only takes an hour to drive to my parent’s farm.

  • hearty [ˈhɑːrti] adj. 

If someone or something is hearty, then they are loud and happy.

 The grandmother ended her story with a hearty laugh that pleased her grandchild.

  • hospitable [hɒsˈpitəbəl] adj. 

If someone is hospitable, they are friendly to strangers.

 At dinner, Dad was very hospitable to my friends.

  • manor [ˈmænə:r] n. 

manor is a large house with many rooms.

 The manor had over forty rooms in addition to beautiful gardens.

  • monastery [ˈmɒnəsteri] n. 

monastery is a building in which monks live.

 The monks at this monastery are famous for their bread and music.

  • nursery [ˈnəːrsəri] n. 

nursery is a room where babies and children sleep, play, or are cared for.

 The children kissed their parents goodnight and went upstairs to the nursery.

  • outstretched [ˈautstretʃt] adj. 

If something is outstretched, then it is extended to its full length.

 The cat stood on its back legs with its front legs outstretched.

  • parcel [ˈpɑːrsəl] n. 

parcel is a package of things to be carried or mailed somewhere.

 The parcel looked like it had been stepped on by someone.

  • profile [ˈproufail] n. 

profile is an outline of a face, usually as seen from the side.

 The drawing of Olivia’s profile came out very well.

  • vivacious [viˈveiʃəs] adj. 

If someone is vivacious, they are talkative and cheerful.

 Everyone at the party was very vivacious and having a good time.

  • winding [ˈwaindiŋ] adj. 

If something is winding, then it follows a twisting course.

 The winding river turned and looped around the bases of the hills.

  • zip [zip] v. 

To zip something means to close it with a zipper.

 She zipped her backpack closed after putting her books inside it.

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