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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 11: The Lydian King

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 11: The Lydian King

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Word List

  • advocate [ˈædvəkeit] v. 

To advocate a plan or idea is to support or suggest it in public.

 The group advocated increased spending on education and schools.

  • authorize [ˈɔːθəraiz] v. 

To authorize something means to give permission for it.

 The mayor authorized the construction of a new statue in the park.

  • civilian [siˈviljən] n. 

civilian is someone who is not in the military.

 It was Todd’s job to keep civilians from entering the army facility.

  • commodity [kəˈmɒdəti] n. 

commodity is something that can be bought or sold.

 Fran’s uncle made most of his money trading commodities.

  • conquest [ˈkɒŋkwest] n. 

conquest is an event by which one country takes over another country.

 After the conquest, the people of the small city had no freedom.

  • disclose [disˈklouz] v. 

To disclose something means to tell it to someone else.

 John came home late, so he had to disclose his activities to his wife.

  • dynamics [daiˈnæmiks] n. 

The dynamics of a situation are the way that parts of it affect each other.

 A good psychologist needs to know a lot about the dynamics of brain disorders.

  • enroll [enˈroul] v. 

To enroll in something is to put one’s name on a list as a member of a group.

 The students had to enroll in the class one semester in advance.

  • envious [ˈenviəs] adj. 

When someone is envious, they want something that another person has.

 They were envious of their neighbor’s front yard.

  • euphoria [juːˈfɔːriə] n. 

Euphoria is a feeling of extreme happiness.

 The athlete felt euphoria after he won the important game.

  • festive [ˈfestiv] adj. 

When something is festive, it is happy and related to a party or celebration.

 Dean’s favorite part of Christmas is the festive clothing that people wear.

  • jolly [ˈdʒɒli] adj. 

When someone is jolly, they are cheerful and happy.

 My grandmother’s jolly attitude always made me smile.

  • lentil [ˈlentil] n. 

Lentils are very small beans that people cook and eat.

 Danni made her special soup with lentils when her husband was sick.

  • marshal [ˈmɑːrʃəl] v. 

To marshal a group means to assemble them in order.

 The students were marshaled outside and put into groups.

  • morale [mouˈræl] n. 

Morale is the amount of hope that people have during a difficult situation.

 To improve our family’s morale, mom suggested going on a picnic.

  • prophecy [ˈprɒfəsi] n. 

prophecy is a prediction about what will happen in the future.

 Some people believe that prophecies are actually true.

  • sage [seidʒ] n. 

sage is someone who is very wise.

 Hal always visited the local sage for help with love.

  • senate [ˈsenət] n. 

senate is a part of the government in some countries.

 Everybody liked Caroline and chose her to speak for them in the senate.

  • sentiment [ˈsentəmənt] n. 

sentiment is an opinion based on your feelings.

 Tess told everyone at the table her sentiments about eating meat.

  • unrest [ʌnˈrest] n. 

Unrest is a state of anger about something among the people in a place.

 High taxes caused much of the unrest that led to the Revolutionary War.

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