Reading Comprehension Passage 20 MCQ Test With Answers - THE IDEA OF A GOD THAT PLAYS DICE
Questions must be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage itself, and not on the basis of what you may know independently about the subject matter.
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THE IDEA OF A GOD THAT PLAYS DICE The quantum theorists viewed the material world not as a continuum, but as distinct packets of energy. From some distance, a mound of wheat looks smooth and unbroken, but when we get closer we notice the discrete grains. So, too, the quantum theorists saw light as a rain of photons. They discovered that it was not possible to measure the position, the momentum or the energy of subatomic particles simultaneously and that any observation of subatomic reality would be distorted by the observer. The new physics, therefore, did not worry much about what atoms were. It was indeed more concerned with what the atoms did, that is, with their energy transitions. The quantum physicists proposed that, within the atom, it was the laws of statistics and probability that the behaviour of the particles followed. This also included a tendency toward a rather messy disorder. But we must admit that these theories, no matter how consistent they may be, imply such events that are forever unknowable and unpredictable. Even Einstein, whom Heinz R. Pagels calls "the last classical physicist," was disturbed.He could never accept the idea of "a God that plays dice." Younger scientists, however, do not share Einstein's discomfort. In our day, Newton's clockwork universe has definitely been replaced by a random universe. David M. BURNS, A Strange and Alien World. The quantum physicists point out to the seemingly uniform appearance of a mound of wheat seen from a distance to exemplify the idea that
packets of energy in reality are integrated into a continuum.
we must get closer to the mound of wheat so that we may see how smooth and unbroken it is.
a rain of photons is needed to make an observer to understand a physical reality.
the World of appearances may not be the world of realities.
the material world is more of a continuum than it was previously supposed.
The quantum theorists discovered that
subatomic particles are distorted by observational reality.
one cannot measure the position, the momentum or the energy of subatomic particles separately.
they should care more about what atoms are than they care about their energy transitions.
the behaviour of subatomic particles is. best explained by referring to the laws of statistics and probability.
nuclear physics has a preferential tendency toward a rather messy disorder.
Choose the correct interpretation:
Events explained by quantum physics can never be predicted in time and space.
Quantum physicists will always remain inconsistent about physical realities.
If Einstein were alive today, he would hypothetically accept the idea of "a God that plays dice".
It was classical physicists who developed the idea of a random universe.
Quantum physics has proven once again how correct Newton's interpretation of a clockwork universe had been.
"A random universe" means:
Einstein, in due course, has been
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