Reading Comprehension Passage 22 MCQ Test With Answers - TOWARD A "THIRD WAVE CIVILIZATION"
TOWARD A "THIRD WAVE CIVILIZATION"
Today, as an utterly novel type of civilization erupts into our lives, we are left to wonder whether we ourselves have not become obsolete.
Brilliant advances in such fields as genetics and electronics sweep our breath away. The world economy becomes unrecognizable. The new means of communication dazzle us. The nuclear-family system is breaking up. Traditional political and economic theories seem increasingly irrelevant as, at every point, the centuries-old frame of industrialism is stretched or broken by the rise of the Third Wave.
The familiar mass society produced by the Industrial Revolution -- with its heavy reliance on mass production, mass communications, mass education and mass political opinion -- is becoming "demassified." Diversity -- in values, in family forms, in communication, in religion, in technology, in everything from politics to poetry -- begins to replace industrial uniformity. New institutions, ranging from several self-help groups and political splinter organizations to trans-national agencies, spring up among the debris of the Second Wave system. Bit by bit, as yet largely unrecognized for what they are, the elements and components of a new, "Third Wave" social order are falling into place.
Alvin TOFFLER, "Toward A Third Wave Civilization", from The New York Times Magazine.
The opening sentence means:
At present, as a new kind of lifestyle is rapidly coming to pass, all we can do is to wonder whether or not we, too, have become anachronistic.
A new civilization means that everyone alive inevitably becomes dated and antiquated.
When they erupted the new civilization, they left us to worry about how to alter ourselves beyond recognition.
It is absolutely impossible not to wonder how utterly the novel lifestyles have erupted into our lives.
In our day, we have gladly left our old lifestyle behind and easily adapted ourselves to an altered world
Which one of the following features cannot be attributed to the Third Wave civilization?
Our beloved old political and economic ideas are rapidly becoming inapplicable.
The fact that variety replaces uniformity is unmistakably evident everywhere.
Familiar features of the Industrial Revolution are disappearing from our lives.
Families are getting more crowded as the nuclear-family system is breaking up.
There are advances in genetics as well as in electronics which are of the nature of a revolutionary breakthrough.
The familiar mass society
caused the Industrial Revolution.
demassified all institutions.
has already begun, replacing uniformity.
meant an unnecessary diversity.
is simply breaking up.
"Debris" of the Second Wave system means its
Choose the viable interpretation:
Institutions of the Third Wave civilization are falling to pieces.
We do not know for sure as yet what shape the Third Wave civilization will eventually take.
Today, we are witnessing a process in which uniformity replaces diversification.
Self-help groups and political splinter groups are opposed to the rise of the Third Wave civilization.
Little by little, the components of the new system are becoming unrecognized.