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4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 5: A Bet

4000 Essential English Words 6 Unit 5: A Bet

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Word List

  • alternate [ˈɔ:ltərneit] v. 

To alternate means to switch back and forth between two things.

 The best exercise alternates muscle and heart strengthening.

  • apologetic [əˌpɒləˈdʒetik] adj. 

If someone is apologetic, they are sorry about something.

 The boy felt apologetic after losing his sister’s favorite toy.

  • benign [biˈnain] adj. 

If something or someone is benign, they do not hurt anyone.

 Many spiders look scary, but most are actually benign.

  • char [tʃɑːr] v. 

To char means to burn something so that it turns black.

 While Frank went inside to get the mustard, he accidentally charred the hotdogs.

  • clarify [ˈklærəfai] v. 

To clarify means to make something easier to understand by explaining it.

 Drew tried to clarify all the functions of Michelle’s new computer.

  • dogged [ˈdɔ(:)gid] adj. 

When someone’s actions are dogged, they try hard to continue something.

 Her dad bought her a new jacket after her dogged requests for one.

  • distress [disˈtres] n. 

Distress is the feeling of being upset or worried.

 Failing a class caused the student a lot of distress.

  • ensue [inˈsuː] v. 

To ensue means to happen after something.

 After a few minutes of lightening, thunder ensued.

  • gasp [gæsp] v. 

To gasp means to make a noise by quickly breathing in when surprised.

 John always gasps when watching a scary movie.

  • negotiate [niˈgouʃieit] v. 

To negotiate means to try to make an agreement through discussion.

 Mario and Joe took a long time negotiating the contract between the companies.

  • overdose [ˈouvərdous] n. 

An overdose is an instance of taking or having too much of something.

 John’s skin was burned from an overdose of sunshine.

  • persuasion [pərˈsweiʒən] n. 

Persuasion is the act of making someone do or believe something.

 The persuasion of his argument convinced the customer to buy the laptop.

  • relay [ˈriːlei] n. 

relay is a race in which teams of runners or swimmers race against each other.

 Jerry was the fastest on his team, so he ran the last part of the relay.

  • reluctance [riˈlʌktəns] n. 

Reluctance is a feeling of not wanting to do something.

 Jesse took out the trash with great reluctance.

  • restate [riːˈsteit] v. 

To restate something means to say it again or in a different way.

 Mrs. Jones restated the test question to the class.

  • sesame [ˈsesəmi] n. 

Sesame is an herb that is grown for its small seeds and its oil.

 I used the buns with the sesame seeds on them.

  • sip [sip] v. 

To sip something means to drink a small amount at a time.

 Liza relaxed on the beach, sipping fruit juice through a straw.

  • verge [vəːrdʒ] n. 

The verge is the point at which something is about to happen.

 Joan was on the verge of leaving her house when the phone rang.

  • wary [ˈwɛəri] adj. 

If someone is wary, they are cautious or mistrusting.

 She was wary of going to school because she hadn’t done her homework.

  • waver [ˈweivə:r] v. 

To waver is to be unable to decide between two choices.

 I wavered between eating the apple or the cake for a snack.

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