Reading Comprehension Passage 23 MCQ Test With Answers - CYBERNETICS
Questions must be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage itself, and not on the basis of what you may know independently about the subject matter.
Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension Passage 23 MCQ Test With Answers - CYBERNETICS. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
CYBERNETICS Cybernetics is the science of control and communication, with special reference to self-controlling and adaptive systems. It does not draw an absolute distinction between living organisms and inanimate, or man-made, systems in this context, since either can be self-controlling and adaptive in behaviour. In the case of a human being it is reasonably obvious that he or she is always learning to do things in new, and often better ways. In recent years, however, we have come to discover that we can also make machines (appropriately programmed computers provide a good example) which can and does change their behaviour responding to changes in their environment. George, the automatic pilot, is one well-known example of a machine based on such an adaptive principle. Since cybernetics is a science, it attempts to provide a precise theory of adaptive systems of all sizes and kinds, and of different degrees of complexity. Thus, in practice, cybernetics cuts across the frontiers of the so-called established sciences such as physics, chemistry, zoology, and etc., by abstracting from them those common features which would contribute to an integrated theory of control and communication. If you have a system, whether it be a mechanical toy, a whole industry, a string of retail shops, a defence radar network or indeed a single human being, provided it is adaptive and capable of accumulating knowledge in simple or complex ways, then its study is central to cybernetics. F.H. George, Cybernetics. Cybernetics
does not concern itself with adaptive systems.
draws an absolute distinction between organisms.
brings together natural and artificial systems under one heading.
is a special referential system for controlling communication.
controls and communicates scientific behaviour.
Read the second paragraph carefully and cross out the incorrect statement below:
In recent years we have discovered how to construct machines.
Today, it is possible to program computers in such a way that they become capable of changing their behaviour in response to changes in their environment.
"George" has been designed to function as an automatic pilot.
That man is adaptive and capable of learning is fairly obvious.
"George" is a well-known example of a machine based on an adaptive principle.
Cybernetics as a science
is not interested in theory; is simply after the cold facts.
does not concern itself with small and less complex systems.
shares its field of interest with many of the older sciences.
is aiming at a theory of control and communication merely on a speculative level.
is more complex than the so-called established sciences, such as physics, chemistry, zoology, and etc.
The study of ............... is central to cybernetics.
toys, industries, retail shops, radar networks, and human beings
knowledge in simple or complex ways
any self-controlling and adaptive system
human beings, provided that they prove themselves adaptive,
abstract common features contributing to an integrated theory of communications control
Which of the following conclusions cannot be justified?
Cybernetics is a more important field of scientific study today than physics, chemistry, zoology and etc. is.
Cybernetics is justified in its integrative approach to both animate and inanimate systems, provided they are adaptive and self-controlling.
George, the automatic pilot, is another example of a man-made machine based on an adaptive principle.
One of the foremost aims of any science is to develop an integrated theory in its own particular field of study.
There has been a growing need in the scientific world for an integrated theory of control and communication.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 5 questions to complete.
Shaded items are complete.
You have completed
Your score is
You have not finished your quiz. If you leave this page, your progress will be lost.
Final Score on Quiz
Attempted Questions Correct
Attempted Questions Wrong
Questions Not Attempted
Total Questions on Quiz
Answer Choice(s) Selected
Need more practice!