400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 3 - Evolution and Migration Vocabulary Test
adapt [əˈdæpt] v.
To adjust to the circumstances; to make suitable
→ Dinosaurs could not adapt to the warmer temperatures.
Usage tips Adapt is often followed by to.
Parts of speech adaptation n., adapter n., adaptable adj.
diverse [dʌɪˈvəːs] n.
Various; showing a lot of differences within a group
→ India is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world.
Usage tips An -ly adverb (e.g.,linguistically) often comes before diverse.
Parts of speech diversify v., diversity n., diversification n.
evolve [iˈvɑlv] v.
To develop; to come forth
→ Modern-day sharks evolved from their ancestor Eryops, which lived more than 200 million years ago.
Usage tips Evolve is often followed by into or from.
Parts of speech evolution n., evolutionist n.
feature [ˈfitʃər] n.
→ The best feature of this car is its heated seats.
Usage tips Feature is often followed by of.
Parts of speech feature v.
generation [ˌdʒɛnəˈreɪʃ(ə)n] n.
A group of people born at about the same time
→ As older managers retired, a new generation of leaders took control of the company.
Usage tips Before generation, an adjective like new, next, earlier, or older is common. Generation is often followed by of.
Parts of speech generational adj.
inherent [ɪnˈhɪərənt] adj.
Naturally characteristic; always found within something, because it’s a basic part of that thing
→ No job can be interesting all the time. Boredom is inherent in any kind of work.
Usage tips Inherent is often followed by in.
Parts of speech inherently adv.
migration [maɪˈɡreɪʃ(ə)n] n.
Movement from one place to another by a group of people or animals
→ The migration of farm workers from one state to the next depends primarily on the harvest.
Usage tips Migration is often followed by to or from.
Parts of speech migrate v., migrant n., migratory adj.
physical [ˈfɪzɪk(ə)l] adj.
Related to the body; related to materials that can be seen or felt
→ Because of the shape of its throat, an ape does not have the physical ability to speak.
Usage tips Physical usually comes before the noun it describes.
Parts of speech physically adv.
process [ˈproses] v.
A series of steps leading to a result
→ To get a good job, most people go through a long process of letter-writing and interviews.
Usage tips Process is often followed by of plus the -ing form of a verb.
Parts of speech proceed v., process v.
survive [sərˈvaɪv] v.
To continue living (despite some danger or illness)
→ After getting lost in the mountains, Gordon survived by eating wild plants and catching fish.
Usage tips Survive is often followed by a phrase with by.
Parts of speech survivor n., survival n.