400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 1 - Food Crops Vocabulary Test
abandon [əˈbændən] v.
To leave; to give up
→ To save their lives, the sailors had to abandon the sinking ship.
Parts of speech abandonment n.
adversely [ˈædvərsli] adv.
In a harmful way; negatively
→ Excessive rainfall early in the spring can adversely affect the planting of crops.
Usage tips Adversely is often followed by affect.
Parts of speech adversity n., adverse adj.
aggregate [ˈæɡriɡət] adj.
Gathered into or amounting to a whole
→ It is impossible to judge last year’s performance without knowing the aggregate sales numbers.
Usage tips Aggregate is often followed by a term like sum, total, or numbers.
Parts of speech aggregate v., aggregate n.
cultivation [ˌkʌltəˈveiʃən] n.
Preparing the land to grow crops; improvement for agricultural purposes
→ With the development of land cultivation, hunters and gatherers were able to settle in one place.
Parts of speech cultivate v.
fertilize [ˈfə:rtilaiz] v.
To supply with nourishment for plants by adding helpful substances to the soil
→ This farm fertilizes tomatoes more than any other crop.
Parts of speech fertilizer n., fertilization n.
intensify [inˈtensəˌfai] v.
To increase in power; to act with increased strength
→ Jacob’s long absence intensified his certainty that he should marry Rose.
Parts of speech intensification n., intense adj.
irrigation [ˌiriˈgeiʃən] n.
The supplying of water to dry land
→ In dry areas of the country, you can see ditches all over the farmland for irrigation.
Parts of speech irrigate v.
obtain [əbˈtein] v.
To gain possession of; to get
→ After a series of difficult interviews,he finally was able to obtain the job.
photosynthesis [ˌfoutouˈsinθəsis] n.
The process by which green plants make their own food by combining water, salts, and carbon dioxide in the presence of light.
→ Oxygen is a by-product of the process of photosynthesis.
Parts of speech photosynthesize v.
precipitation [prəˌsipəˈteiʃ(ə)n] n.
Water that falls to the Earth’s surface
→ In the Pacific Northwest, the high level of precipitation ensures rich, green plant life.