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400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 2 – Disaster Vocabulary Test

400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL LESSON 2 - Disaster Vocabulary Test

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Word List

anticipate [ænˈtisəˌpeit] v.

To expect; to sense something before it happens

 By placing sensors in earthquake-prone areas, scientists can anticipate some tremors in time to warn the public.

Parts of speech     anticipation n., anticipatory adj.

catastrophic [ˌkædəˈstrɑfɪk] adj.

Extremely harmful; causing financial or physical ruin

 The architect died in a catastrophic elevator accident.

Parts of speech     catastrophe n., catastrophically adv.

collide [kəˈlaɪd] v.

To come together with great or violent force

 As usual, their holiday was ruined when their in-laws’ views on politics collided with their own.

Parts of speech     collision n.

eruption [əˈrəpʃ(ə)n] n.

A sudden, often violent, outburst

 The eruption of Mount St.Helens in 1980 caused 57 deaths and immeasurable change to the face of the mountain.

Usage tips     Eruption is often followed by an of phrase.

Parts of speech     erupt v.

famine [ˈfæmən] n.

Severe hunger; a drastic food shortage

 The potato famine in Ireland in the mid-nineteenth century caused large numbers of Irish people to emigrate to America.

flood [fləd] n.

An overflowing of water; an excessive amount

 The constant rain and poor drainage system caused a flood in town.

Parts of speech     flood v.

impact [ˈɪmˌpækt] n.

A strong influence

 The speech about the importance of education made an impact on me.

Usage tips     Impact is usually followed by on or of.

Parts of speech     impact v.

persevere [ˌpərsəˈvɪr] v.

To keep going, despite obstacles or discouragement; to maintain a purpose

 The hikers persevered despite the bad weather and the icy trail.

Parts of speech     persist v., persistent adj.

plunge [pləndʒ] v.

To go down suddenly; to decrease by a great amount in a short time

 He jumped off the diving board and plunged into the pool.

Usage tips     Plunge is often followed by an into phrase.

Parts of speech     plunge n.

unleash [ˌənˈliʃ] v.

To release a thing or an emotion

 When they saw the strange man on their property, they unleashed their dogs.

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