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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 9: The Weaving Machine

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 9: The Weaving Machine

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Word List

  • archaic [ɑːrˈkeik] adj. 

If something is archaic, it is very old or outdated.

 To be competitive, we must update our archaic equipment.

  • benevolent [bəˈnevələnt] adj. 

If someone is benevolent, they are kind and generous.

 My father was a benevolent man and gave lots of money to charity.

  • brass [bræs] n. 

Brass is a metal that is used to make musical instruments and ornaments.

 Brass is used to make musical instruments like trumpets.

  • capitalism [ˈkæpitəlizəm] n. 

Capitalism is an economic system where private companies make goods for profit.

 Most industries in the world today are based on capitalism.

  • component [kəmˈpounənt] n. 

component is a part of a larger machine.

 Computers have many different components, so they are complicated to build.

  • dependence [diˈpendəns] n. 

Dependence is a situation in which somebody relies on something else.

 Young children have a dependence on their parents.

  • diminish [dəˈminiʃ] v. 

To diminish means to reduce or get smaller.

 As the economy got worse, my savings diminished.

  • drawback [ˈdrɔːbæk] n. 

drawback is a disadvantage.

 The drawback of having a car is that it is very expensive to maintain.

  • fad [fæd] n. 

fad is something that is popular for a short time.

 The hula hoop was a fad for a few years, but it soon lost its popularity.

  • impose [imˈpouz] v. 

To impose means to interrupt or force your ideas on other people.

 He imposes on his wife every morning by expecting her to make breakfast.

  • managerial [ˌmænəˈdʒiəriəl] adj. 

Managerial describes something related to a manager or management.

 Nancy has a managerial position at the bank.

  • medieval [mi:diˈiːvəl] adj. 

If something is medieval, it comes from the period between 650 and 1500 CE.

 We visited a castle that was built during medieval times.

  • obsolete [ˈɒbsəliːt] adj. 

If something is obsolete, it is not used anymore because something better exists.

 Since computers became inexpensive, typewriters have become obsolete.

  • peninsula [pəˈninsələ] n. 

peninsula is a large piece of land that is surrounded by the sea on three sides.

 The state of Florida is an example of a peninsula.

  • prestige [presˈtiːrdʒ] n. 

If a person has prestige, people admire or respect them.

 The young actress gained much prestige after she won an award.

  • proportion [prəˈpɔːrʃən] n. 

proportion is an amount that shows the link between the parts and the whole.

 Only a small proportion of the people in this town actually work here.

  • radical [ˈrædikəl] adj. 

If something is radical, it is very new or different.

 The president is planning to make some radical changes to the law.

  • refute [riˈfjuːt] v. 

To refute something means to prove that it is false or incorrect.

 The bank manager has refuted the claims that he lied to his customers.

  • spectacular [spekˈtækjələr] adj. 

If something is spectacular, it looks or sounds very impressive.

 There was a spectacular fireworks display in the park at New Year.

  • weave [wiːv] v. 

To weave means to make cloth using horizontal and vertical threads.

 We saw a woman weave a blanket on our vacation to South America.

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