4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 10: Life on the Farm
- accountant [əˈkauntənt] n.
An accountant is a person whose job is to keep financial accounts.
→ The accountant helped me keep track of my money.
- capitalist [ˈkæpitəlist] n.
A capitalist is a business person who invests in trade and industry for profit.
→ The capitalist invested in a factory that made wheat into cereal.
- contempt [kənˈtempt] n.
Contempt is the feeling of having no respect for something.
→ The judge had contempt for the wicked criminal.
- dedicate [ˈdedikeit] v.
To dedicate oneself to something means to put a lot of time and effort into it.
→ The nun dedicated herself to helping people in need.
- ditch [ditʃ] n.
A ditch is a narrow hole cut into the ground by a road or a field.
→ When the car slid off of the road, it fell into the ditch.
- enterprise [ˈentərpraiz] n.
An enterprise is a company or business.
→ My father owns an advertising enterprise.
- exquisite [iksˈkwizit] adj.
When something is exquisite, it is very beautiful or pleasant.
→ The artist made exquisite watercolor paintings.
- finance [fiˈnæns] v.
To finance someone or something means to provide money for them.
→ The government financed the scientist’s experiments with new weapons.
- indifferent [inˈdəfrənt] adj.
When someone is indifferent toward something, they have a lack of interest in it.
→ Lisa is indifferent toward school. She doesn’t care what her final grades are.
- irrigate [ˈirəgeit] v.
To irrigate means to supply water to land so that crops can grow.
→ In dry climates, it is important to irrigate fields of crops.
- maximize [ˈmæksəmaiz] v.
To maximize something is to make it as great in amount, size, or importance.
→ You should exercise regularly to maximize a healthy lifestyle.
- monetary [ˈmanəteri] adj.
When something is monetary, it relates to money.
→ A strong monetary policy is important for a country to be successful.
- precaution [priˈkɔːʃən] n.
A precaution is an action that is meant to stop something bad from happening.
→ Asa precaution, you should put on a heavy coat before going out in cold weather.
- preliminary [priˈliməneri] adj.
Preliminary describes something that happens before a more important event.
→ The runners must do well in the preliminary races to qualify for the final race.
- saturate [ˈsӕtʃəreit] v.
To saturate something means to completely soak it with a liquid.
→ The sponge was saturated with soapy water and dripped all over the floor.
- simplicity [simˈplisəti] n.
The simplicity of something is the fact that it is easy to do or understand.
→ We were able to find the house thanks to the simplicity of the directions.
- sow [sou] v.
To sow seeds means to plant them in the ground.
→ He always sows his garden seeds in the springtime.
- soy [sɔi] n.
Soy is a food made from soybeans, such as flour or butter.
→ Soy can be made into tofu, sauce, and also milk.
- spade [speid] n.
A spade is a tool used for digging.
→ The gardener used her spade to make a hole for the seed.
- upcoming [ˈʌpkʌmiŋ] adj.
When something is upcoming, that means it will happen in the near future.
→ The kids were worried about their upcoming exam.