4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 13: The Old Hound
- brook [bruk] n.
A brook is a small stream.
→ Water flows down several brooks on the mountain.
- cater [ˈkeitər] v.
To cater to someone means to provide them with all the things needed or wanted.
→ Bill was too sick to get out of bed, so his nurse catered to his needs.
- considerate [kənˈsidərit] adj.
When someone is considerate, they pay attention to the needs of others.
→ The considerate boy gave a present to his girlfriend on Valentine’s Day.
- consumption [kənˈsʌmpʃən] n.
The consumption of food or drink is the act of eating or drinking it.
→ These apples are too rotten for consumption.
- criteria [kraiˈtiəriə] n.
Criteria are factors on which a person judges or decides something.
→ Before she got the job, she had to meet all the necessary criteria.
- crust [krʌst] n.
Crust is the tough outer part of a loaf of bread.
→ The little boy never ate the crust of his pizza.
- degrade [diˈgreid] v.
To degrade someone means to cause people to have shame.
→ The teacher degraded Bob when she announced his poor performance to the class
- entitle [enˈtaitl] v.
To entitle someone means to give them the rights to have or do something.
→ His golden ticket entitled him to sit in the front row at the concert.
- escort [ˈeskɔːrt] v.
To escort people means to safely accompany them to a place.
→ Her bodyguards escorted her to the movie theater.
- external [ikˈstəːrnəl] adj.
When something is external, it is connected to an outer part.
→ It is warm inside my house, but the external temperature is freezing.
- facility [fəˈsiləti] n.
A facility is a building that exists for a particular purpose.
→ There are many educational facilities in big cities.
- faculty [ˈfӕkəlti] n.
A faculty is a mental or physical ability.
→ The boy’s mental faculties impressed all of his teachers.
- heap [hiːp] n.
A heap of things is a large pile of them.
→ After the building was torn down, all that was left was a heap of bricks.
- hemisphere [ˈhemisfiər] n.
A hemisphere is one half of the earth.
→ In the northern hemisphere, the weather is usually warmest in July and August.
- hound [haund] n.
A hound is a type of dog that is often used for racing or hunting.
→ The men took their hounds with them when they went on the hunting trip.
- impersonal [imˈpəːrsənəl] adj.
If something is impersonal, it is not friendly and makes people feel unimportant.
→ The boy felt scared on his first day at the big, impersonal high school.
- ornament [ˈɔːrnəmənt] n.
An ornament is an attractive object that people display in their homes.
→ The woman kept some colorful ornaments on the shelves.
- pedestrian [pəˈdestriən] n.
A pedestrian is a person who is walking on a street.
→ Cars should be careful when pedestrians are walking around.
- sanctuary [ˈsӕŋktʃuəri] n.
A sanctuary is a place where people in danger can go to be safe.
→ The church was made into a sanctuary for homeless people in the winter.
- spectator [spekˈteitə:r] n.
A spectator is someone who watches something, especially a sports event.
→ There were thousands of spectators at the big game.