4000 Essential English Words 2 Unit 21: From the Earth to the Stars
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- astronaut [ˈæstrənɔːt] n.
An astronaut is a person that goes into outer space.
→ The astronaut was walking on the moon.
- awake [əˈweɪk] adj.
When you are awake, you are not asleep.
→ Sometimes I lay awake in bed because I am not tired.
- courage [ˈkə:rɪdʒ] n.
When you have courage, you are not afraid.
→ The man had the courage to touch the lion.
- float [fləʊt] v.
To float is to move on top of water without sinking.
→ The boy’s toy boat floated in the pool.
- grant [grænt] v.
To grant something is to allow someone to have it.
→ The teacher granted us a break after studying hard all day.
- gravity [ˈgrӕvəti] n.
Gravity is the force that makes things fall to Earth.
→ There is no gravity in space.
- jewel [ˈdʒuːəl] n.
A jewel is a beautiful stone that is worth a lot of money.
→ A diamond is one of the most expensive jewels in the world.
- miner [ˈmaɪnər] n.
A miner is a person who works in a mine.
→ The miner was looking for gold.
- mineral [ˈmɪnərəl] n.
A mineral is a type of substance found in the Earth.
→ Rocks are made up of different kinds of minerals.
- participate [pɑ:rtɪsəpeɪt] v.
To participate is to take part in something.
→ The students participated in the school play.
- permission [pə:rmɪʃən] n.
Permission means the act of allowing the doing of something.
→ I have permission to drive my mom’s car.
- pour [pɔːr]
To pour a liquid means to make it come out of a container.
→ I poured some milk into my sister’s cup.
- presence [ˈprɛzəns] n.
Someone or something’s presence is the fact they are there.
→ The presence of dark clouds meant it would rain.
- raw [rɔː] adj.
If a material is raw, it is natural and has not been processed.
→ The company dumped raw sewage into the river.
- satellite [ˈsætəlaɪt] n.
A satellite is something that is sent into space to get information.
→ The satellite was traveling around the earth.
- scale [skeɪl] n.
The scale of something is its size, especially when it is very large.
→ I was surprised by the scale of the buildings in the downtown area.
- skip [skɪp] v.
To skip something is to not do it.
→ He skipped work to get more sleep.
- stretch [stretʃ] v.
To stretch is to make your arms or legs reach out.
→ She stretched her body before exercising.
- telescope [ˈtɛləskoʊp] n.
A telescope is a tool people use to look at the stars.
→ With a telescope, you can see the moon and stars easily.
- underground [ˈʌndəgraʊnd] adv.
When something is underground, it is below the surface of the Earth.
→ Subway trains travel underground.