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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 21: The Twins

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 21: The Twins

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Word List

  • astounded [əˈstaundid] adj. 

If you are astounded, you are very surprised.

 I was astounded that Monica won the art competition.

  • attribute [ˈætribjuːt] n. 

An attribute is a characteristic of a person or thing.

 He isn’t very clever, but he does have some other positive attributes.

  • bilingual [baiˈliŋgwəl] adj. 

If someone is bilingual, then they can speak two languages.

 Since you already know English, after learning French you’ll be bilingual.

  • clone [kloun] n. 

clone is an identical copy of a living creature.

 Scientists recently made a clone of a sheep.

  • colloquial [kəˈloukwiəl] adj. 

Colloquial describes informal words that are more suitable for speech than writing.

 I find it difficult to understand people if they use colloquial language.

  • cosmetics [kɒzˈmetiks] n. 

Cosmetics are substances that make the face and skin more beautiful.

 Girls often look nicer when they don’t use so many cosmetics.

  • dash [dæʃ] v. 

To dash means to run or move quickly.

 Helen dashed up the stairs, so she wouldn’t be late for her appointment.

  • disgust [disˈgʌst] n. 

Disgust is a feeling of distaste and anger caused by something rude or unpleasant.

 He felt disgust toward his date because she had such terrible eating habits.

  • fluorescent [fluəˈresnt] adj. 

If something is fluorescent, it is such a bright color that it seems to give off light.

 She highlighted the key words in the document with a fluorescent yellow pen.

  • furious [ˈfjuəriəs] adj. 

If you are furious, you are extremely angry.

 My father was furious when he read my bad school report.

  • gulf [gʌlf] n. 

gulf is a gap between people who do not understand each other.

 There has been a gulf between James and Tony since their parents died.

  • humanities [hju:mænətiz] n. 

Humanities are subjects which analyze human ideas, such as history and literature.

 Jennifer has always been more interested in humanities than science.

  • knot [nɒt] n. 

knot is made when you tie the ends of rope or cord together.

 He tied a knot in his shoelaces, so they wouldn’t come off during the race.

  • linguist [ˈliŋgwist] n. 

linguist is someone who studies languages.

 Tony is a good linguist and speaks four different languages.

  • participant [pɑːrˈtisəpənt] n. 

participant is someone who joins in a social event or competition.

 There were thousands of participants in this year’s marathon.

  • plausible [ˈplɔːzəbəl] adj. 

If something is plausible, it is reasonable or possible.

 It is plausible that Jack isn’t here today because he is sick.

  • ritual [ˈritjuəl] n. 

ritual is a formal custom that people do regularly.

 Ken was very interested to learn about the religious rituals of the natives.

  • sibling [ˈsibliŋ] n. 

sibling is a brother or sister.

 Jane has two siblings, an older brother and a younger sister.

  • skinny [ˈskini] adj. 

If someone is skinny, they are extremely thin.

 Polly is very skinny. I think she needs to eat more.

  • vague [veig] adj. 

If something is vague, it is not clear, and it gives very few details.

 I asked him about his mother’s health, but he was very vague about it.

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