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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 22: The New Bioco

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 22: The New Bioco

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Word List

  • acid [ˈæsid] n. 

An acid is a chemical that can burn or dissolve other substances.

 In chemistry class, we mixed two acids together and watched the reaction.

  • administration [ədˌminəsˈtreiʃən] n. 

An administration is the group of people who manage a company or organization.

 She hoped she could be promoted to a job in the administration.

  • administrative [ədˈminəstrətiv] adj. 

Administrative describes anything related to managing a company or organization.

 I work as an administrative assistant to the owner of the company.

  • biotechnology [ˌbaioutekˈnɒlədʒi] n. 

Biotechnology is the use of living parts, such as cells, in industry and technology.

 Researchers at the biotechnology company use bacteria to make medicine.

  • cholesterol [kəˈlestəroul] n. 

Cholesterol is a substance in fat, tissues, and blood of all animals.

 When people have too much cholesterol, they are at high risk for heart problems.

  • coalition [kouəˈliʃən] n. 

coalition is a group of people or organizations working for a common purpose.

 The companies formed a coalition to make trade less expensive.

  • deceptive [diˈseptiv] adj. 

When something is deceptive, it encourages one to believe something that is false.

 The scary-looking man’s appearance is deceptive, but he is actually very nice.

  • diabetes [daiəˈbiːtis] n. 

Diabetes is a medical condition where a person has too much sugar in their blood.

 Overweight people are more likely to suffer from diabetes than slimmer ones.

  • eliminate [iˈliməneit] v. 

To eliminate something that is unwanted means to completely remove it.

 Wearing a seatbelt eliminates some of the dangers of driving a car.

  • erosion [iˈrouʒən] n. 

Erosion is the destruction of rock or soil due to flowing water or weather.

Canyons are formed because rivers of fast-moving water cause erosion.

  • ethics [ˈeθiks] n. 

Ethics are moral beliefs or rules about right or wrong.

 The act of stealing certainly doesn’t go against some people’s ethics.

  • explicit [iksˈplisit] adj. 

If something is explicit, it is very clear, open, and truthful.

 The man gave a very explicit account of the car accident.

  • framework [ˈfreimwəːrk] n. 

framework is a set of rules or ideas that people use to solve problems.

 His ideas fit into the framework of a successful business plan.

  • manufacture [ˌmænjəˈfæktʃə:r] v. 

To manufacture something means to make it in a factory.

 My father’s company manufactures steel building materials.

  • mechanism [ˈmekənizəm] n. 

mechanism is a part of a machine that performs a certain function.

 I can’t open my car door because the locking mechanism is broken.

  • minimize [ˈminəmaiz] v. 

To minimize means to reduce something to the lowest possible level.

 I checked my homework twice to minimize errors I might have made.

  • nectar [ˈnektər] n. 

Nectar is a sweet liquid produced by flowers that bees and other insects collect.

 Bees use nectar to make their honey.

  • notion [ˈnouʃən] n. 

notion is an idea or belief about something.

 I have a notion that this route would get us to the beach.

  • prone [proun] adj. 

When things are prone to some bad thing, they are likely affected by it.

 Some people are more prone to catching colds than others.

  • straightforward [ˌstreitˈfɔːrwərd] adj. 

When something is straightforward, it is good because it is easy to understand.

 The teacher’s grading system was straightforward and fair.

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