4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 22: The New Bioco
- acid [ˈæsid] n.
An acid is a chemical that can burn or dissolve other substances.
→ In chemistry class, we mixed two acids together and watched the reaction.
- administration [ədˌminəsˈtreiʃən] n.
An administration is the group of people who manage a company or organization.
→ She hoped she could be promoted to a job in the administration.
- administrative [ədˈminəstrətiv] adj.
Administrative describes anything related to managing a company or organization.
→ I work as an administrative assistant to the owner of the company.
- biotechnology [ˌbaioutekˈnɒlədʒi] n.
Biotechnology is the use of living parts, such as cells, in industry and technology.
→ Researchers at the biotechnology company use bacteria to make medicine.
- cholesterol [kəˈlestəroul] n.
Cholesterol is a substance in fat, tissues, and blood of all animals.
→ When people have too much cholesterol, they are at high risk for heart problems.
- coalition [kouəˈliʃən] n.
A coalition is a group of people or organizations working for a common purpose.
→ The companies formed a coalition to make trade less expensive.
- deceptive [diˈseptiv] adj.
When something is deceptive, it encourages one to believe something that is false.
→ The scary-looking man’s appearance is deceptive, but he is actually very nice.
- diabetes [daiəˈbiːtis] n.
Diabetes is a medical condition where a person has too much sugar in their blood.
→ Overweight people are more likely to suffer from diabetes than slimmer ones.
- eliminate [iˈliməneit] v.
To eliminate something that is unwanted means to completely remove it.
→ Wearing a seatbelt eliminates some of the dangers of driving a car.
- erosion [iˈrouʒən] n.
Erosion is the destruction of rock or soil due to flowing water or weather.
→ Canyons are formed because rivers of fast-moving water cause erosion.
- ethics [ˈeθiks] n.
Ethics are moral beliefs or rules about right or wrong.
→ The act of stealing certainly doesn’t go against some people’s ethics.
- explicit [iksˈplisit] adj.
If something is explicit, it is very clear, open, and truthful.
→ The man gave a very explicit account of the car accident.
- framework [ˈfreimwəːrk] n.
A framework is a set of rules or ideas that people use to solve problems.
→ His ideas fit into the framework of a successful business plan.
- manufacture [ˌmænjəˈfæktʃə:r] v.
To manufacture something means to make it in a factory.
→ My father’s company manufactures steel building materials.
- mechanism [ˈmekənizəm] n.
A mechanism is a part of a machine that performs a certain function.
→ I can’t open my car door because the locking mechanism is broken.
- minimize [ˈminəmaiz] v.
To minimize means to reduce something to the lowest possible level.
→ I checked my homework twice to minimize errors I might have made.
- nectar [ˈnektər] n.
Nectar is a sweet liquid produced by flowers that bees and other insects collect.
→ Bees use nectar to make their honey.
- notion [ˈnouʃən] n.
A notion is an idea or belief about something.
→ I have a notion that this route would get us to the beach.
- prone [proun] adj.
When things are prone to some bad thing, they are likely affected by it.
→ Some people are more prone to catching colds than others.
- straightforward [ˌstreitˈfɔːrwərd] adj.
When something is straightforward, it is good because it is easy to understand.
→ The teacher’s grading system was straightforward and fair.