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4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 25: The Man and the Monkey

4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 25: The Man and the Monkey

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Word List

  • aesthetic [esˈθetik] adj. 

If something is aesthetic, then it is concerned with a love of beauty.

 The dresses were noteworthy for their aesthetic design.

  • arrogant [ˈærəgənt] adj. 

If someone is arrogant, they think that they are more important than others.

 He is very arrogant. Even though he’s not the boss, he tells everyone what to do.

  • bias [ˈbaiəs] n. 

bias is a person’s likelihood to like one thing more than another thing.

 The mothers had a natural bias for their own child’s picture.

  • canyon [ˈkænjən] n. 

canyon is a narrow valley with steep walls through which a river often flows.

 The canyon was so deep that the ground inside was covered in shadow.

  • creek [kriːk] n. 

creek is a stream or small river.

 Only small fish lived in the shallow waters of the creek.

  • drill [dril] n. 

drill is a tool with a point that spins in order to make a hole.

 The carpenter used the drill to make several holes in the wood.

  • executive [igˈzekjətiv] n. 

An executive is the top manager of a business.

 After twenty years at the company, he finally became the executive.

  • fatigue [fəˈtiːg] n. 

Fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness.

 After three days with little sleep, she was feeling a lot of fatigue.

  • incline [ˈinklain] n. 

An incline is a sharp rise in something, especially a hill or mountain.

 This mountain has one of the steepest inclines in the world.

  • nasty [ˈnæsti] adj. 

If something is nasty, then it is not nice or pleasant.

 The rotten apple left a nasty taste inside her mouth.

  • perceive [pərsiːv] v. 

To perceive something means to be aware of it.

 He was talking loudly, so he did not perceive that the music had stopped.

  • primate [ˈpraimeit] n. 

primate is a type of mammal that includes monkeys, apes, and humans.

 Primates use their hands for such tasks as swinging from branches.

  • primitive [ˈprimətiv] adj. 

If something is primitive, then it is simple, basic, and not very developed.

 The computers of the 1980s are primitive compared to those of todays.

  • stereotype [ˈsteriətaip] n. 

stereotype is a general but often incorrect idea about a person or thing.

 There’s a stereotype that pigs are dirty animals. But they are rather clean.

  • sticky [ˈstiki] adj. 

If something is sticky, then it is covered with a substance that things stick to.

 Place the sticky part of the tape against the paper, so it will cling to the wall.

  • termite [ˈtəːrmait] n. 

termite is an insect that lives in groups and feeds on wood.

 The wood we found was full of termites.

  • thereby [ˈðɛə:rˈbai] adv. 

If something happens thereby an action, then it is the result of that action.

 He didn’t score a goal, thereby ending his chance at setting a record.

  • trail [treil] n. 

trail is a path through a wild area.

 A narrow trail cut through the field and over the hills.

  • twig [twig] n. 

twig is a short and thin branch from a tree or bush.

 They started the fire with a handful of dry twigs.

  • welfare [ˈwelfɛə:r] n. 

Welfare is the health and happiness of a person or group.

 Having plenty of clean water is necessary for the welfare of people.

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