4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 27: The First Organ Transplant
- adapt [əˈdæpt] v.
To adapt means to change in order to deal with a new situation or addition.
→ When he went to the new town, he had to adapt to all the weather changes.
- biological [ˌbaiəˈlɒdʒikəl] adj.
Biological describes the process of life and living things.
→ In science, we learned about the biological process of bacterial growth.
- cellular [ˈseljələr] adj.
When something is cellular, it relates to the cells of animals or plants.
→ She used a microscope to see the activity at a cellular level.
- dynamic [daiˈnæmik] adj.
When people are dynamic, they are lively and have creative ideas.
→ The new, dynamic employee came up with a good way to juggle his work load.
- fantasy [ˈfæntəzi] n.
A fantasy is a pleasant situation that people think about but is unlikely to happen.
→ Becoming an astronaut is a fantasy shared by many children.
- heredity [hiˈredəti] n.
Heredity is the process of passing on features from parents to children.
→ The boy’s face is similar to his father’s because of heredity.
- internal [inˈtəːrnl] adj.
When something is internal, it exists or happens inside a person, object, or place.
→ We removed the outer case to reveal the computer’s internal wires.
- minimal [ˈminəməl] adj.
When something is minimal, it is very small.
→ My lazy husband does a minimal amount of work around the house.
- pioneer [paiəˈniər]
A pioneer is a person who is the first to discover or be involved in something.
→ He was a pioneer of computer programming.
- prescribe [priˈskraib] v.
To prescribe medicine means to tell someone to take it.
→ When I was sick, the doctor prescribed me flu medicine.
- respective [risˈpektiv] adj.
When things are respective, they relate separately to each person just mentioned.
→ The boxers were told to return to their respective corners.
- revive [riˈvaiv] v.
To revive someone or something means to restore health or life to them.
→ She revived the feeling of warmth in her leg by rubbing it softly.
- rigid [ˈridʒid] adj.
When rules or systems are rigid, they are severe because they cannot be changed.
→ Societies often have rigid rules about the way that people are supposed to act.
- sequence [ˈsiːkwəns] n.
A sequence is a number of events or things that come one after another.
→ The dominos fell in a sequence of one after another.
- substitute [ˈsʌbstitjuːt] v.
To substitute something or someone means to have them take the place of another.
→ When I ran out of juice, I had to substitute water to drink in the morning.
- surgeon [ˈsəːrdʒən] n.
A surgeon is a doctor who is trained to do surgery.
→ The surgeon operated on the old man’s heart.
- therapy [ˈθerəpi] n.
Therapy is treatment for a particular physical or mental illness or condition.
→ After she broke her legs, she used physical therapy to learn how to walk again.
- transfer [ˈtrænsfə:r] v.
To transfer something means to move it from one place to another.
→ The family transferred the groceries from the shopping cart to the car.
- transition [trænˈziʃən] n.
A transition is a process where there is a change from one form to another.
→ The weather gets colder during the transition from summer to autumn.
- transplant [trænsˈplænt] n.
A transplant is an operation in which a damaged part of one’s body is replaced.
→ The sick child needed a heart transplant to live.