4000 Essential English Words 5 Unit 29: Jen’s New Job
- antique [ænˈtiːk] adj.
If something is antique, it is very old and rare, and therefore valuable.
→ My grandmother’s antique rocking chair is worth a lot of money.
- applicant [ˈæplikənt] n.
An applicant is someone who writes a request to be considered for a job or prize.
→ Lots of applicants came into the store when the job position became available.
- artifact [ˈɑːrtəfækt] n.
An artifact is an old object made by humans that is historically interesting.
→ We studied artifacts from an ancient Chinese settlement.
- authentic [ɔːˈθentik] adj.
When something is authentic, it is not false or a copy of the original.
→ We ate authentic Italian food on our vacation to Rome.
- chronology [krəˈnɒlədʒi] n.
The chronology of a series of past events is when they happened.
→ We learned the chronology of World War II in history class.
- diplomat [ˈdipləmæt] n.
A diplomat is a representative of a country who works with another country.
→ The Spanish diplomat discussed trade issues with officials in Peru.
- epic [ˈepik] n.
An epic is a long book, poem, or movie about a period of time or a great event.
→ The poet wrote an epic about the great discoveries of the past thousand years.
- excerpt [ˈeksəːrpt] n.
An excerpt is a short piece of writing or music taken from a larger piece.
→ I didn’t listen to the entire symphony online, but I did play an excerpt.
- fossil [ˈfɒsl] n.
A fossil is the hard remains of a prehistoric animal or plant.
→ The expert arranged the fossils to build the skeleton of the dinosaur.
- humiliate [hjuːˈmilieit] v.
To humiliate someone means to make them feel ashamed and embarrassed.
→ I was humiliated when I tripped and fell down in front of the whole school.
- lyric [ˈlirik] adj.
When a poem is considered lyric, it is written in a simple and direct style.
→ I enjoy reading and creating my own lyric poetry.
- majesty [ˈmædʒisti] n.
Majesty is supreme greatness or authority.
→ You should address the king and queen as your majesty.
- monarch [ˈmɒnark] n.
The monarch of a country is the king, queen, emperor, or empress.
→ The monarch lived in a beautiful palace with a grand gate.
- precede [priˈsiːd] v.
To precede something means to come before it.
→ The hurricane was preceded by a moment of still wind and clear sky.
- punctual [ˈpʌŋktjuəl] adj.
When someone is punctual, they do something or arrive at the right time.
→ My mother hates being late. She is the most punctual person I know.
- recruit [riˈkruːt] v.
To recruit people means to select them to join or work for an organization.
→ We successfully recruited someone to be the new manager.
- refund [ˈriːfʌnd] n.
A refund is money given back to a person when an item is returned to a store.
→ I asked for a refund because the shoes I bought were too tight.
- register [ˈredʒəstə:r] n.
A register is an official list or record of people or things.
→ At a wedding there is register for all of the guests to sign.
- renown [riˈnaun] n.
Renown is the quality of being well known due to having done good things.
→ Michael is a singer of great renown in New Zealand.
- tusk [tʌsk] n.
A tusk is a long, curved, pointed tooth of an elephant, boar, or walrus.
→ Sadly, some people hunt elephants and remove their tusks to sell them.