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4000 Essential English Words 3 Unit 16: Matthew Learns a Lesson

4000 Essential English Words 3 Unit 16: Matthew Learns a Lesson

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Word List

  • adolescent [ӕdəˈlesənt] n. 

An adolescent is a young person or a teenager.

 The adolescent was excited about getting a skateboard for his birthday.

  • aptitude [ˈæptɪtjuːd] n. 

Aptitude is a natural ability or skill.

 He has a natural aptitude for water skiing.

  • compliment [ˈkɒmpləmənt] v. 

To compliment is to say a nice thing about someone or something.

 Her co-worker complimented her for doing a good job.

  • hinder [ˈhindər] v. 

To hinder is to keep someone or something from doing something.

 All the traffic hindered me from getting to work on time.

  • journalism [ˈdʒəːrnəlɪzəm] n. 

Journalism is the work of collecting the news to put in newspapers or on TV.

 Before becoming a teacher, she worked in journalism.

  • jury [ˈdʒuəri] n. 

jury is a group of people that listen to a trial and say if someone is guilty.

 The jury listened closely to the attorney before they made their decision.

  • justice [ˈdʒʌstɪs] n. 

Justice is fairness in the way that you treat other people.

 People turn to the court system when they are seeking justice.

  • liberty [ˈlibə:rti] n. 

Liberty is freedom to do what you want.

 To many people, the Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom.

  • literary [ˈlɪtərərɪ] adj. 

If someone or something is literary, it is involved with literature in some way.

 He worked hard to create a successful literary career.

  • pharmacy [ˈfɑːrməsɪ] n. 

pharmacy is a place where medicine is sold.

 My mother sells medicine to people at the pharmacy.

  • pill [pil] n. 

pill is a small object that has medicine inside.

 She took a pill for her headache.

  • presume [prɪˈzuːm] v. 

To presume is to believe something is true without being certain.

 Since he raised his hand, the teacher presumed he knew the answer.

  • privacy [ˈpraɪvəsɪ] n. 

To have privacy is to be away from other people.

 Please hang the sign on the door so we can have some privacy.

  • punishment [ˈpʌnɪʃmənt] n. 

punishment is something that one must endure for any wrong doing.

 He was given a punishment for being rude to the teacher.

  • sensible [ˈsensəbl] adj. 

If someone is sensible, they make good decisions.

 It was sensible for her to save some money each month.

  • slice [slaɪs] n. 

slice is a piece from something larger, such as a cake.

 The girl enjoyed a slice of cake at her birthday party.

  • sorrow [ˈsɒrou] n. 

Sorrow is a very sad feeling.

 The girl felt sorrow after her best friend moved away.

  • straw [strɔː] n. 

straw is a thin tube that is used to suck liquid into the mouth.

 I drank the orange juice through a straw.

  • swell [swel] v. 

To swell is to become larger and rounder.

 My sister’s stomach began to swell after she got pregnant.

  • tidy [ˈtaɪdɪ] adj. 

When something is tidy, it is clean and in order.

 Leon has always been a very tidy boy.

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