Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 1 Vocabulary Test
adv. to or in another country
syn. overseas; internationally
Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad.
Living abroad can be an educational experience.
- abrupt (adv. abruptly; n. abruptness)
adj. quick; without warning
There was an abrupt change in the weather.
After the incident everyone left abruptly.
- acceptable (v. accept; adv. acceptably; n. acceptability; adj. accepting)
adj. allowable or satisfactory
The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.
- acclaim (adj. acclaimed; n. acclamation)
- enthusiastic approval; applause
Leonardo DiCaprio has earned acclaim abroad as an actor.
Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.
- adverse (adv. adversely; n. adversity; n. adversary)
adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad
The game was cancelled by officials due to the adverse weather conditions.
His indecision adversely affected his job performance.
- a part or characteristic of something; an element
I would trust the professional’s advice in that aspect of economics.
There are many fascinating aspects to the complex procedure.
- attractive (v. attract; n. attraction; n. attractiveness; adv. attractively)
adj. calling attention to; pleasing; creating interest; pretty
The idea of working four, ten-hour work days was attractive to many employees.
The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.
- autonomous (adv. autonomously)
adj. by itself; with no association
Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.
- chronic (adv. chronically)
adj. always present; continual
The author’s chronic headache prevented her from finishing the chapter.
He is chronically late to class.
- disapproval (v. disapprove; adv. disapprovingly)
- the act of disagreeing; not giving approval
Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned.
The students disapproved of the level of difficulty of the test.
- disruptive (v. disrupt; n. disruption; adv. disruptively)
adj. causing confusion and interruption
Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive.
The storm caused a disruption in bus service.
- haphazardly (adj. haphazard; n. haphazardness)
adv. having no order or pattern; by chance
syn. arbitrarily; carelessly
It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly.
Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.
- intervention (v. intervene)
- taking action; be involved
The tutor’s intervention helped him improve his grade.
Some world leaders decide to not intervene in the affairs of other nations.
- persistent (v. persist; n. persistence; adv. persistently)
adj. continuous; refusing to give up; firm in action or decision
The attorney’s persistent questioning unsettled the witness.
Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.
- postpone (adj. postponable; n. postponement)
- to change to a later time; to delay
The referees decided to postpone the soccer match.
The postponement of the meeting upset the impatient club members.
- valid (n. validity; adv. validly)
adj. producing a desired result based on truths or facts
The students had a valid reason for missing class.
The professor questioned the validity of the test results.
- withdraw (n. withdrawal)
- to remove, take out, or take back
The player withdrew from the competition.
Gloria had to make a withdrawal from her savings to pay tuition.