Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 2 Vocabulary Test
- advantage (adv. advantageously; adj. advantageous)
- something that may help one to be successful or to gain something
Is there any advantage in arriving early?
He was advantageously born into a rich family.
- the coming or appearance of something
With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier.
The orchestra’s latest newsletter announced the advent of the upcoming concert season.
- agile (adv. agilely; n. agileness; n. agility)
adj. able to move in a quick and easy way
Deer are very agile animals.
She moved agilely across the stage.
conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact
His trip was successful, albeit tiring.
Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.
- appealing (v. appeal; n. appeal; adv. appealingly)
adj. attractive or interesting
Working abroad is appealing to many people.
Through his speeches, the candidate appealed to the voters.
adj. acclaimed; well-known and popular
The celebrated pianist will be giving a concert this weekend.
San Francisco is celebrated for its multicultural makeup.
- circumvent (n. circumvention)
- to go around; avoid
The hacker attempted to circumvent the computer’s security system.
Circumvention of the freshman math requirement is possible.
- collide (n. collision)
- to hit one object against another with violent force; to be in opposition
The collision caused major damage to both cars.
Moon craters were caused when large asteroids collided with the moon.
- contemporary (n. contemporary)
adj. modern, up-to-date, or (n.) a person living at the same time as another person
Contemporary architecture makes very good use of space.
Cervantes was a contemporary of Shakespeare.
- distribute (n. distribution)
- to divide among people or to give out
Many publishers now distribute their newspapers via the Internet.
The distribution of seeds is very quick with this new machine.
- encourage (n. encouragement; n. encourager; adv. encouragingly; adv. encouraging)
- to promote, help, or support
The government cut taxes in order to encourage spending.
The professor gave each student the encouragement that was needed to learn the material.
- energetic (n. energy; adv. energetically)
adj. full of life, action, or power
Sam hasn’t been as energetic as he usually is.
There’s a lot of energy in these batteries.
- frail (n. frailty)
adj. weak in health or in body
The frail wings of the newborn bird could not lift it off the ground.
One of the frailties of human beings is laziness.
- a high point of success or abundance
Many settlers became rich during the heyday of the California gold rush of the 1800s.
We are living in the heyday of digital communications.
- myth (adj. mythological; n. mythology)
- an invented story or idea
Throughout history myths were created in an attempt to explain many common natural occurrences.
Mythology is the study of legends and fables.
- refine (n. refinement; adj. refined)
- to make pure; to improve
Factories must refine oil before it can be used as fuel.
A squirt of lime juice is the perfect refinement to cola.
adj. value in doing something
It was worthwhile waiting ten hours in line for the tickets.
It’s worthwhile to prepare for the TOEFL.