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Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 5 Vocabulary Test

Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 5 Vocabulary Test

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  • baffle (adj. baffling; n. bafflement)
  1. to confuse to a point at which no progress can be made

The causes of many harmful diseases have baffled doctors for centuries.
That was a baffling question.

  • bear (adv. bearably; adj. bearable)
  1. to produce, to carry; to show; to endure

This orchard bears many fine harvests of apples.
Although stock prices declined, losses have been bearable for most investors.

  • blur (adj. blurred; n. blur)
  1. to make something difficult to see

The rain blurred everyone’s view of the valley.
The whole accident is just a blur in my mind.

  • brilliant (adv. brilliantly; n. brilliance)

adj. intensely bright or colorful; intelligent
syn. radiant

Einstein was a brilliant thinker.
She brilliantly produced a solution to the problem.

  • caution (adj. cautious; adj. cautionary; adv. cautiously; n. caution)
  1. to alert someone of danger, warn someone to take care or pay attention to something

The officer cautioned the motorist to slow down.
They entered into the negotiations cautiously.

  • enhance (n. enhancement; adj. enhanced)
  1. to increase in a positive way, such as in value, power, or beauty

Passing the exam should enhance your chances of being admitted to college.
The computer enhanced our productivity.

  • facilitate (adv. facilitative)
  1. to make easier; to ease the progress of

His careful planning facilitated the completion of the project.
Good teaching strategies facilitate student learning.

  • incessant (adv. incessantly)

adj. nonstop, continual, or never-ending
syn. constant

The woman’s incessant talking disturbed everyone watching the movie.
The dogs’ incessant barking kept the whole neighborhood up all night.

  • in conjunction with

ph. in addition to, alongside
syn. along with

Exercise, in conjunction with a nourishing diet, contributes to a healthy lifestyle.
The architects planned the building in conjunction with the engineers.

  • intrigue (adj. intriguing; adv. intriguingly; n. intrigue)
  1. to interest greatly

He was intrigued by the acclaim that he received.
The intriguing question baffled historians.

  • obstruct (n. obstruction; adj. obstructive; adv. obstructively)
  1. to prevent movement, progress, or success

Just after the storm, downed trees obstructed many roads in the community.
A huge building obstructed the ocean view from the apartment.

  • persuade (adv. persuasively; adj. persuasive; n. persuasion)
  1. to change a belief or behavior by argument or reason

They couldn’t persuade their critics to see their point of view.
John presented a persuasive argument for his salary increase.

  • recompense (adv. recompensable; v. recompense)
  1. a repayment or reward for a deed

The knight received gold as recompense for saving the kingdom.
His boss assured him that he’d be recompensed for his extra efforts.

  • shed
  1. to throw off naturally; to give out

In order to grow, crabs must shed their shells.
The experiments shed no new information on the cause of the disease.

  • unique (adv. uniquely; n. uniqueness)

adj. to be the only one of a kind; special
syn. rare

He was presented with a unique opportunity to attend the conference.
His style of writing is uniquely his own.

  • well-suited

adj. to be complementary or appropriate; a good match
syn. compatible

The design of the house is well-suited to its surroundings.
The experienced principal was well-suited for the job of superintendent of schools.

  • work out
  1. to end or cause to end successfully; to develop

Their ambitious plan will likely work out.
The two groups worked out a compromise that benefited them both.

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