Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 3 Vocabulary Test
- alter (v. altered; n. alteration; adj. alterable; adv. alterably)
- to change or make different
Will the storm alter its course and miss the coast?
Gloria hasn’t altered her plans to return to school.
- analyze (v. analyzed; n. analysis)
- to study something carefully; to separate into parts for study
Scientists must analyze problems thoroughly.
Analysis of the substance confirms the presence of nitrogen.
adj. something from a long time ago; very old
Archaeologists analyze ancient civilizations.
Dave found an ancient Roman coin.
- annoying (n. annoyance; v. annoy; adv. annoyingly)
adj. a slight bother; disturbing to a person
Mosquitoes can be an annoying part of a vacation at the beach.
She annoyed her parents by coming home late.
- anticipate (adj. anticipatory; n. anticipation)
- to think about or prepare for something ahead of time
No one can anticipate the results of the games.
They planned their vacation with anticipation.
- ascertain (adj. ascertainable; adv. ascertainably; n. ascertainment)
- to discover; find out
I tried to ascertain if he was telling the truth.
The jury made a decision based on its ascertainment of the facts.
adj. doing no harm or damage; gentle
He has a warm, benign smile that makes everyone comfortable.
The mold on the plants proved to be benign.
- conform (n. conformity; n. conformist)
- to follow established rules or patterns of behavior
You must conform to the rules or leave the club.
She has always been a conformist.
- enrich (n. enrichment; adj. enriching)
- to make rich; to make something of greater value
The fine arts enrich our lives.
The discovery of oil was an enrichment for the country.
- intensify (n. intensity; adj. intense; adj. intensive; adv. intensely; adv. intensively)
- to make stronger in feeling or quality
The importance of the test will sometimes intensify the nervousness of the students.
The chess match was played with great intensity.
- intolerable (n. intolerance; adv. intolerably; adv. intolerantly; adj. intolerant)
adj. difficult or painful to experience; not able to accept different ways of thought or behavior
Any opposition to the rules is intolerable.
His boss was intolerant of his tardiness.
The tutoring project is an ongoing program of the school.
Maintaining roads is an ongoing job.
- potential (adj. potential; adv. potentially)
- an ability, happening, or opportunity that has not occurred or been developed
The medical students have shown great potential to become doctors.
Small space heaters are a potential fire hazard.
- propose (n. proposal; n. proposition; adj. proposed)
- to suggest or plan to do something
The governor is going to propose new taxes.
Her proposal was well accepted.
- restore (n. restoration; adj. restored)
- to give back or bring back something; to return to the original condition
He restored my confidence in him.
It is a beautiful restoration of the old table.
- turbulent (n. turbulence; adv. turbulently)
adj. to be in a disordered, disturbed, or unstable condition
The plane flew through an area of turbulence.
The turbulent crowd insisted on a meeting with the prime minister.
- vital (n. vitality; adv. vitally)
adj. of great importance; full of life
Money is vital to the success of the program.
His intense vitality was easily observable.