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Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 3 Vocabulary Test

Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 3 Vocabulary Test

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  • alter (v. altered; n. alteration; adj. alterable; adv. alterably)
  1. to change or make different

Will the storm alter its course and miss the coast?
Gloria hasn’t altered her plans to return to school.

  • analyze (v. analyzed; n. analysis)
  1. to study something carefully; to separate into parts for study

Scientists must analyze problems thoroughly.
Analysis of the substance confirms the presence of nitrogen.

  • ancient

adj. something from a long time ago; very old
syn. old

Archaeologists analyze ancient civilizations.
Dave found an ancient Roman coin.

  • annoying (n. annoyance; v. annoy; adv. annoyingly)

adj. a slight bother; disturbing to a person
syn. bothersome

Mosquitoes can be an annoying part of a vacation at the beach.
She annoyed her parents by coming home late.

  • anticipate (adj. anticipatory; n. anticipation)
  1. to think about or prepare for something ahead of time

No one can anticipate the results of the games.
They planned their vacation with anticipation.

  • ascertain (adj. ascertainable; adv. ascertainably; n. ascertainment)
  1. to discover; find out

I tried to ascertain if he was telling the truth.
The jury made a decision based on its ascertainment of the facts.

  • benign

adj. doing no harm or damage; gentle
syn. harmless

He has a warm, benign smile that makes everyone comfortable.
The mold on the plants proved to be benign.

  • conform (n. conformity; n. conformist)
  1. to follow established rules or patterns of behavior

You must conform to the rules or leave the club.
She has always been a conformist.

  • enrich (n. enrichment; adj. enriching)
  1. to make rich; to make something of greater value

The fine arts enrich our lives.
The discovery of oil was an enrichment for the country.

  • intensify (n. intensity; adj. intense; adj. intensive; adv. intensely; adv. intensively)
  1. to make stronger in feeling or quality

The importance of the test will sometimes intensify the nervousness of the students.
The chess match was played with great intensity.

  • intolerable (n. intolerance; adv. intolerably; adv. intolerantly; adj. intolerant)

adj. difficult or painful to experience; not able to accept different ways of thought or behavior
syn. unbearable

Any opposition to the rules is intolerable.
His boss was intolerant of his tardiness.

  • ongoing

adj. continuing
syn. current

The tutoring project is an ongoing program of the school.
Maintaining roads is an ongoing job.

  • potential (adj. potential; adv. potentially)
  1. an ability, happening, or opportunity that has not occurred or been developed

The medical students have shown great potential to become doctors.
Small space heaters are a potential fire hazard.

  • propose (n. proposal; n. proposition; adj. proposed)
  1. to suggest or plan to do something

The governor is going to propose new taxes.
Her proposal was well accepted.

  • restore (n. restoration; adj. restored)
  1. to give back or bring back something; to return to the original condition

He restored my confidence in him.
It is a beautiful restoration of the old table.

  • turbulent (n. turbulence; adv. turbulently)

adj. to be in a disordered, disturbed, or unstable condition
syn. chaotic

The plane flew through an area of turbulence.
The turbulent crowd insisted on a meeting with the prime minister.

  • vital (n. vitality; adv. vitally)

adj. of great importance; full of life
syn. indispensable

Money is vital to the success of the program.
His intense vitality was easily observable.

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