Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 30 Vocabulary Test
- charisma (adj. charismatic)
- a special quality that endears other people to the person who has this quality
She has charisma that no other candidate possesses.
John F. Kennedy was known for his charismatic personality.
- clever (adv. cleverly; n. cleverness)
adj. intelligent; resourceful
Everyone appreciated their clever idea.
His cleverness enabled him to rise quickly in the organization.
- convince (adv. convincingly; adj. convincing)
- to make someone see things your way
They could not convince the girls to go to the dance with them.
The video made a convincing argument for the recycling of paper and plastic materials.
- endure (adj. endurable; adj. enduring; n. endurance)
- to last; suffer pain
How he is able to endure living next to the airport is beyond my comprehension.
The endurance displayed by the athlete gave evidence of his rigorous training.
- forfeit (n. forfeit)
- to give up; have something taken away, usually by rule or regulation
You may have to forfeit your home country’s citizenship to become a citizen of another country.
The forfeit occurred because not enough players showed up.
- precarious (adv. precariously)
adj. not safe, firm, or steady
The diver put himself in a precarious situation among the sharks.
The cup was positioned precariously on the edge of the table.
- severe (adv. severely; n. severity)
adj. extreme; harmful
The weather service issued a severe storm warning for most of Michigan.
The severity of his condition will not be known until the test results are studied.
- sporadic (adv. sporadically)
adj. not consistent; irregular
The radio communications were subject to sporadic sunspot interference.
Violent storms occur sporadically in the Southwest.
- stumble upon
- v.to discover or run into a person or thing accidentally
syn. come across
She stumbled upon a lot of interesting information about her research topic.
We might stumble upon deer while hiking in the woods.
- superior (n. superiority)
adj. excellent quality; above all the rest
This is a superior fossil of a trilobite.
The restaurant’s superiority was established shortly after it opened.
- truncate (adj. truncated)
- to shorten; to end something suddenly
The television program was truncated because the soccer match went into extra time.
The publishers of the newspaper asked the writer to truncate her report.
- wanton (adv. wantonly)
adj. done without thought or consideration; grossly negligent
Her wanton disregard of the rules was unexplainable.
The jealous man was wantonly impolite to the winner.
adj. found everywhere
There is a widespread rumor that there will be no class next Thursday.
The political influence of the developed countries of the world is widespread.
- wisdom (adv. wisely; adj. wise)
- knowledge and understanding
It is often said that wisdom is the product of experience.
It was a wise decision for you to buy a car.
- witticism (adv. wittily; adj. witty; n. wit; n. wittiness)
- a joke; a funny story
His witticisms captivated the audience.
Mark Twain was famous for his sharp wit.
- to make efforts to attain or gain something
The directors tried to woo the support of the union.
The opponents of the proposed highway wooed nearby residents to defend their position.