Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 27 Vocabulary Test
- aptly (adj. apt; n. aptness)
adv. having a tendency to do something; likely
It was an aptly timed remark.
Emotional problems are apt to damage personal relationships.
- demonstration (adv. demonstrably; v. demonstrate; adj. demonstrative*; adj. demonstrable)
- a show or exhibit
*overtly showing emotion
The demonstration clarified the procedure for everyone.
I have never seen the politicians so demonstrative of their feelings.
- deviate (n. deviation)
- to break away from what is normal or average
She deviated from the typical study path and graduated early.
He enjoys deviating from the main trail when he goes hiking.
- things combined to make something; the contents of something
The ingredients of the product are kept secret.
Good style, punctuation, and grammar are the important ingredients of a good essay.
- involuntarily (adj. involuntary)
adv. in an unthinking manner; not chosen
He involuntarily worked overtime.
Reflexes are involuntary reactions to external stimuli.
- marvel (adv. marvelously; adj. marvelous)
- something that surprises or impresses
The Great Wall of China is one of the world’s marvels.
The weather was marvelous for an afternoon get-together in the park.
- moderate (adv. moderately; v. moderate*; n. moderation)
adj. not too much, not too little;
She made the best of her moderate dancing ability.
The Broadway play was moderately successful.
- motivate (n. motivation; adj. motivated)
- to provide a reason or purpose for doing something
Grades motivate most students to do well in their studies.
The speaker gave a motivational speech that inspired everyone in the audience.
- odd (adv. oddly; n. oddity)
It is odd to find a person who speaks many languages.
The moon rock is an oddity available at the museum for all to view.
- profuse (n. profuseness; adv. profusely)
adj. to be very generous, often in excess
The company apologized profusely for the defects in its product.
She deserved the profuse praise from her teacher.
- reflection (adj. reflected; v. reflect)
- a picture or element thrown back
His bright smile was a reflection of his satisfaction.
In order for us to perceive something visually, light must be reflected from the object’s surface.
- succinct (adv. succinctly)
adj. short and to the point
Since she had little time to speak, the biologist made her presentation succinct.
The class assignment is to summarize the book’s plot as succinctly as possible.
- supposedly (adj. supposed; v. suppose; n. supposition)
adv. according to reports or hearsay; widely believed or accepted
The new trains are supposedly able to reach speeds of 150 miles per hour.
The stockbroker’s supposition is that the economy will improve.
- sustained (v. sustain; adj. sustenance)
adj. continuing in a constant way; remaining strong
Sustained rainfall is the only hope they have for relief from the drought.
Luckily, the trees did not sustain any damage from the attack of the locusts.
- synthesis (adv. synthetically*; adj. synthetic*; v. synthesize)
- the mixing of separate things to form a whole;
*not made by nature
The language of Papiamento is a synthesis of Dutch and native Indian languages of Curaçao.
Vitamins are synthetically produced.
- tangible (adv. tangibly; n. tangibility)
adj. real; that which can be felt
The work of a teacher seldom produces tangible results until years after a student has graduated.
The solution to this problem can be tangibly demonstrated.