Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 25 Vocabulary Test
- briefly (adj. brief; n. brevity)
adv. short, usually in time
The visiting professor spoke briefly at the faculty meeting.
Solar eclipses are brief moments when the Earth and Moon cross the Sun’s fixed position in the solar system.
- circulate (adj. circulatory; n. circulation)
- to cause to move along a fixed path; move freely
The news of the president’s visit circulated quickly throughout the city.
A dollar bill remains in circulation for approximately one and a half years.
- consistently (adj. consistent; v. consist; n. consistency)
adv. without changing; keeping the same principles, ideas, or quality
The temperature must be maintained consistently at 75° centigrade.
The policy of the government concerning unemployment has been consistent.
- exhibit (n. exhibit; n. exhibition; n. exhibitor)
- to show or demonstrate
The compound exhibits the qualities of an acid.
It was the best exhibition of talent that I have ever seen.
- found (n. foundation*; n. founder)
- to establish; start up;
*a philanthropic organization
The wealthy woman founded a hospital in her hometown.
The foundation maintained a number of philanthropic activities.
- improperly (adj. improper; n. impropriety)
adv. not following established rules; not desirable
The disappointing outcome was a result of an improperly prepared petri dish.
There was an impropriety with the way the funds were spent.
- impulsively (adj. impulsive; n. impulse; n. impulsiveness)
adv. acting without thinking
She reacted impulsively to the loud noise.
Many shoppers buy items on impulse.
- infrequently (adj. infrequent; n. infrequency)
adv. almost never
Tornadoes occur infrequently in the eastern part of the United States.
Deserts are characterized by their infrequent rainfall.
- isolated (v. isolate; n. isolation)
adj. to keep separated from others
The failure of the communications system left the towns isolated.
The doctors were unable to isolate the cause of the epidemic.
- overtly (adj. overt)
adv. in a way clearly seen; not done secretly
He overtly disregarded the regulations.
Her overt attempt to take control of the discussion failed.
- profoundly (adj. profound; n. profundity)
adv. in a deep way; showing deep knowledge of a subject
Everyone was profoundly impressed by the news reports.
The Nobel Prize is a profound recognition of outstanding achievement.
- sharply (adj. sharp; v. sharpen; n. sharpness)
adv. showing sensitivity or quick thinking; showing a quick change in direction
Car prices rose sharply over the past year.
There was a sharp change in the humidity after the storm.
- situated (n. situation*; v. situate)
adj. being found in a certain place
*a current condition
The resort town of Cancun is situated in the northern part of the Yucatan peninsula.
They found themselves in a very difficult situation.
- subsequently (adj. subsequent)
adv. following; coming after something
The public applauded the president’s actions and subsequently his ratings in the polls improved.
This report, and all subsequent reports, must be written in the appropriate style.
- unmistakable (adj. unmistakably)
adj. clearly able to be determined
The markings of the insect provided for an unmistakable identification of the species.
It is unmistakably clear that the report must be finished by noon.
- upstanding (n. upstandingness)
adj. marked by integrity; good, honest
The school only accepts upstanding young adults.
The neighborhood has been kept clean and beautiful thanks to its upstanding residents.