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Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 22 Vocabulary Test

Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 22 Vocabulary Test

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  • account (adj. accountable; v. account; n. accounting; n. accountant)
  1. a report of an event; money kept in a bank; a statement of something used or received, usually a financial report

His account of the incident varied from that of the other witnesses.
We need an accounting of all the money that was spent.

  • alleviate
  1. to make something less severe; to improve

This medicine alleviates allergy symptoms.
Regular meditation has been shown to alleviate stress.

  • archaic

adj. very old; old-fashioned; no longer used
syn. ancient

These archaic methods of farming must be brought up-to-date.
His speech was full of archaic expressions.

  • bring about
  1. cause something to happen
    syn. generate

The invention of the cell phone brought about an end to the popularity of traditional telephones.
The newly elected president of the club promised to bring about positive changes.

  • enlighten (n. enlightenment; adj. enlightened)
  1. to give information or understanding to someone

Books often enlighten readers to different ways of thinking.
The speaker enlightened the audience on how to succeed in college.

  • hasten (adj. hastily; adj. hasty; n. hastiness)
  1. to cause to go faster; move forward more quickly

After notifying the driver’s family of the accident, the officer hastened to add that their son had not been hurt.
You should not make important decisions hastily.

  • hue
  1. color

he hue of the sunset was beautiful.
The hue of the room gave it a warm feeling.

  • influx
  1. a sudden increase

Each holiday season, the company experiences an influx of customers.
There was an influx of Western influence in eastern Asia.

  • intricate (adv. intricately; n. intricacy)

adj. having many parts; finely detailed
syn. complex

The intricate design of the vase made it a valuable piece for her collection.
I cannot begin to understand all of the intricacies of modern automobile motors.

  • magnitude (adv. magnificently; adj. magnificent; v. magnify*; n. magnification*)
  1. of great size or importance
    *to increase
    syn. dimension

The magnitude of shock waves determines the damage that occurs during an earthquake.
The invention of the telephone was a magnificent achievement for mankind.

  • oblige (adv. obligingly; adj. obliging; adj. obligatory; n. obligation)
  1. to have to do something

She felt obliged to choose him as her lab partner.
Payment of the student activity fee was obligatory.

  • overlook (adj. overlooked)
  1. to ignore or neglect

Scientists must not overlook any aspect of experimental procedure.
The overlooked error raised his score on the test.

  • practical (adv. practically; adj. practicable; n. practicality)

adj. convenient or effective
syn. functional

Her ambitious plan was not very practical.
Space travel to distant planets is not practicable at this time.

  • predominant (adv. predominantly; n. predominate; n. predominance)

adj. the most noticeable or powerful element
syn. principal

The predominant export of the Middle East is petroleum.
Many cities in the Southwest are predominantly Hispanic.

  • prompt (adv. promptly; n. promptness)
  1. to cause something to happen; do quickly; be on time

His emotional plea prompted the director to give him a second chance.
Promptness is a valued trait in the professional world.

  • provoke (n. provocation; adj. provocative)
  1. to cause or produce negative behavior or result

The installation of speed cameras provoked an angry response from the public.
The manager did not deliberately provoke the argument among his workers.

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