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Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 20 Vocabulary Test

Essential Words for the TOEFL Lesson 20 Vocabulary Test

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  • accentuate (adj. accentuated; n. accentuation)
  1. to highlight; to give more importance to

The colorful dress accentuated the joy of the occasion.
The supervisor accentuated her preference for hard-working employees during the performance appraisal.

  • devise (adj. devisable)
  1. to brainstorm; to come up with an idea

The firefighters devised a plan to safely bring the cat down from the tree.
The scientists had to devise an entirely new experiment after the first one failed.

  • disguise (adj. disguised; n. disguise)
  1. to hide the usual appearance of something

It is hard to disguise the fact that business is slow.
Everyone saw through his disguise.

  • embedded (v. embed)

adj. included or found inside something
syn. inserted

The archaeologist found a rare fossil embedded in the rock face.
The instructions say to embed the seeds one inch apart.

  • ignite (adj. ignitable; n. ignition)
  1. to set on fire; to give energy or life to something

The jury’s decision ignited a fierce debate in the legal community.
Wood is difficult to ignite if it is damp.

  • indifferent (n. indifference)

adj. being uninterested or not caring about something
syn. apathetic

The teacher was indifferent to student requests to extend the project’s deadline.
The player’s indifference about his error on the field upset the coach.

  • initiate (adj. initiated; n. initiation; n. initiative)
  1. to begin; to establish; to take decisive action without help

The newcomers initiated the long citizenship process.
Their work shows a lot of initiative.

  • innovative (n. innovator; n. innovation)

adj. something newly introduced; creative
syn. creative

This innovative project is worthy of support.
There have been many innovations in the field of genetic engineering.

  • narrate (adj. narrative; n. narrative; n. narration; n. narrator)
  1. to tell a story; relate

The American actor, Morgan Freeman, narrated the documentary film.
Her fabricated narrative generated a lot of excitement.

  • nevertheless

conj. in spite of that
syn. nonetheless

She was quite sick; nevertheless, she attended all of her classes.
His project was flawed; nevertheless, it won second prize.

  • obsolete (n. obsolescence)

adv. being old fashioned; no longer in general use
syn. outdated

Some people believe that writing instruments, such as pencils and pens, will soon be obsolete.
Some products are manufactured with planned obsolescence.

  • omit (adj. omitted; n. omission)
  1. to leave out; not include

She inadvertently omitted some important data from the report.
His paper had several notable omissions.

  • outlandish (adv. outlandishly)

adj. strange and unpleasant; beyond accepted norms
syn. bizarre

His outlandish ideas demonstrated his creativity.
Rebellious youth in many countries dress outlandishly.

  • overcome
  1. to defeat; fight with success; to take control of an individual

The young woman was overcome with emotion when she learned she had won a scholarship.
The family overcame many obstacles to purchase the house.

  • partially (adv. partly; adj. partial; n. part)

adv. a part of the whole; incomplete
syn. somewhat

The clerk was only partially responsible for the error.
The business venture was only a partial success.

  • portray (n. portrayal)
  1. to represent; to act

The actress portrayed an orphan in the movie.
The book’s portrayal of Mozart as a calm, mature individual is inaccurate.

  • streamline (adj. streamlined)
  1. to update; to make more efficient or concise

The planning process must be streamlined in order for it to be more reliable.
Internet stores have streamlined the process of finding, buying, and selling merchandise.

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